MARINE EMBASSY GUARD ASSOCIATION
HISTORICAL TIMELINE
 



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The Marine Embassy Guard Association (MEGA) is an independent, non-profit, politically nonpartisan military veterans organization.
MEGA is not affiliated with any government agency or military service
.
      

Marine Security Guards, guarding consulates and embassies around the world, have a unique destinction of experiencing most major world events "close up and personal." .  
The time-line below illustrates this through the the display of news events along with the detachments where MSGs were standing post close by, or directly engaged.  

Click on those links and view the specific detachment pages.  
Send a note if you have memories of those incidents and wish to share. (history@embassymarine.org).


Year

World events affecting

MSGs on Post

MSG / MEGA Events
On Post

2013 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================

January 11 (BAMAKO, Mali) – The French military begins operations in the Northern Mali conflict against Islamists (Wikipedia)

January 16–20 (ALGIERS, Algeria) – In a hostage crisis and subsequent raid by Algerian forces, 39 international workers and one security guard die at a gas facility near In Aménas, Algeria (Wikipedia)

February 12 – North Korea conducts its third underground nuclear test, prompting tightened sanctions by the international community (Wekipedia)

February 28 (VATICAN CITY, Vatican)– Benedict XVI resigns as Pope, the first to do so since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so voluntarily since Celestine V in 1294 
- March 13 – Jorge Mario Bergoglio is elected the 266th pope, taking the name Francis. (Wikipedia)

March 24 (BANGUI, Central African Republic, KINSHASA, Dem Rep of Congo)–  Central African Republic conflict: Central African RepublicFrançois Bozizé is overthrown after he flees to the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the onset of the rebels capture the nation's capital (Wikipedia)

April 24 (DHAKABangladesh) – An eight-story commercial building collapses in Savar Upazila near the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka, resulting 1,127 deaths, 2,500 injured and scores more trapped. The accident is the world's deadliest structural collapse and the third worst industrial disaster
in history. (Wikipedia)

April 30 (AMSTERDAM, Netherlands)– Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands abdicates, and Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, ascends the throne as King of the Netherlands. He is the first king of the Netherlands since the death of his great-great-grandfather William III in 1890 (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================



April 11- 14: MEGA Reunion held in Nashville Tennessee

2012 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================

March 4 (BRAZZAVILLE, Congo) – A series of explosions are reported at a munitions dump in Brazzaville, the capital of the Republic of the Congo, with at least 250 people dead (Wikipedia)

March 22 (BAMAKO, Mali)– The President of Mali, Amadou Toumani Touré, is ousted in a coup d'état after mutinous soldiers attack government offices (Wikipedia)

April 12 (BISSAU, Guinea-Bissau) – Mutinous soldiers in Guinea-Bissau stage a coup d'état and take control of the capital city, Bissau. They arrest interim President Raimundo Pereira and leading presidential candidate Carlos Gomes Júnior in the midst of a presidential election campaign (Wikipedia)

April 26 (MONROVIA, Liberia) – Former Liberian President Charles Taylor is found guilty on 11 counts of aiding and abetting war crimes and crimes against humanity during the Sierra Leone Civil War I(Wikipedia)

May 12  SEOUL, South Korea)– August 12– The 2012 World Expo takes place in Yeosu, South Korea. (Wikipedia)

July 27 (LONDON, England) – August 12 – The 2012 Summer Olympics are held in London, England, United Kingdom. (Wikipedia)

July 30–31 NEW DELHI, India) – In the worst power outage in world history, the 2012 India blackouts leave 620 million people without power (Wikipedia)

September 11 (KARACHI, Pakistan)– Garment factory fires in the Pakistani cities of Karachi and Lahore kill 315 and seriously injure more than 250 (Wikipedia)

September 12 - (TRIPOLI , Libya) Attack on US Compound in Benghazi, Ambassador Christopher Stevens and Seal Team security team killed (Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training)

September 11–27 (BERLIN,Germany  BERN, Switzerland LONDON,England)– A series of terrorist attacks are directed against United States diplomatic missions worldwide, as well as diplomatic missions of Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. In the US, opinions are divided over whether the attacks are a reaction to a YouTubeInnocence of Muslims. In Libya, among the dead is US ambassador J. Christopher Stevens (Wikipedia)

November 25 – December 9 (MANILA , Philippines)– Typhoon Bopha, known as "Pablo" in the Philippines, kills at least 1,067 with around 838 people still missing. The typhoon caused considerable damage in the island of Mindanao (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================


2011 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================

January 4 (TUNIS, Tunisia) – Tunisian street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi dies after setting himself on fire a month earlier, sparking anti-government protests in Tunisia and later other Arab nations. These protests become known collectively as the Arab Spring. (Wikipedia)

January 11 (RIO de JANEIRO , Brazil) – Flooding and mudslides in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro kills 903 (Wikipedia)

January 14 (TUNIS, Tunisia) – Arab Spring: The Tunisian government falls after a month of increasingly violent protests; President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali flees to Saudi Arabia after 23 years in power (Wikipedia)

January 24 – 37 (MOSCOW, Russia) people are killed and more than 180 others wounded in a bombing at Domodedovo International Airport in Moscow, Russia (Wikipedia)

February 11 ( CAIRO, Egypt) Arab Spring: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak resigns after widespread protests calling for his departure, leaving control of Egypt in the hands of the military until a general election can be held (Wikipedia)

March 11   (TOKYO, Japan) - A 9.1-magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit the east of Japan, killing 15,840 and leaving another 3,926 missing. Tsunami warnings are issued in 50 countries and territories. Emergencies are declared at four nuclear power plants affected by the quake (Wikipedia) 

March 15 (QATAR,  Bahrain) - Arab Spring: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain declares a three-month state of emergency as troops from the Gulf Co-operation Council are sent to quell the civil unrest (Wikipedia)

April 11 (ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast) Former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo is arrested in his home in Abidjan by supporters of elected President Alassane Ouattara with support from French forces thereby ending the 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis and civil war. (Wikipedia)

April 29 ( LONDON, England)   wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine Middleton at Westminster Abbey in London. (Wikipedia)

May 1 (KARACHIISLAMABAD , Pakistan)  Osama bin Laden, the founder and leader of the militant group Al-Qaedakilled during an American military operation in Pakistan

June 4 ( SANTIAGO, Chile) - Chile's Puyehue volcano erupts, causing air traffic cancellations across South America, New Zealand, Australia and forcing over 3,000 people to evacuate.

June 5 ( SANAA, Yemen)  Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh travels to Saudi Arabia for treatment of an injury sustained during an attack on the presidential palace. Protesters celebrate his transfer of power to his Vice-President Abd al-Rab Mansur al-Hadi.

July  9 (KHARTOUM , Sudan / Juba, South Sudan) South Sudan secedes from Sudan, per the result of the independence referendum held in January

July 22 ( OSLO, Norway) - Anders Behring Breivik kills 77 people in twin terrorist attacks in Norway after a bombing in the Regjeringskvartalet government center in Oslo and a shooting at a political youth camp on the island of Utøya   (Wikipedia)  

July 31 ( BANGKOK , Thailand) - 12.8 million people are affected by severe flooding. Some areas are still six feet under water, and many factory areas remained closed at the end of the year. 815 people are killed, with 58 of the country's 77 provinces affected. (Wikipedia)

October 20 (TRIPOLI  , Libya) - Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is killed in Sirte, with National Transitional Council forces taking control of the city, and ending the war (Wikipedia)

October 23 (ANKARAISTANBUL  , Turkey) A magnitude 7.2 Mw earthquake jolted eastern Turkey near the city of Van, killing 604 people, and damaging about 2,200 buildings. (Wikipedia)

December 15 (BAGHDAD , Iraq) - The United States formally declares an end to the Iraq War. While this ends the insurgency, (Wikipedia)

December 16 (MANILA  , Philippines) - Tropical Storm Washi causes 1,268 flash flood fatalities in the Philippines with 85 people officially listed as missing. (Wikipedia)


Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================


2010 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================


January 3 (SANAA,Yemen)– The United States and the United Kingdom close their embassies in Yemen due to the ongoing security threat by Al Qaeda. (Wikipedia)

January 4 (ABU DHABI,UAE)– The tallest man-made structure to date, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is officially opened (Wikipedia)

January 12 (PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti) – A 7.0-magnitude earthquake occurs in Haiti, devastating the nation's capital, Port-au-Prince. With a confirmed death toll over 316,000.It is the second deadliest on record. (Wikipedia)

February 18 (NIAMEY, Niger)– The President of Niger, Tandja Mamadou, is overthrown after a group of soldiers storms the presidential palace[12] and form a ruling junta, the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy headed by chef d'escadron Salou Djibo. (Wikipedia)

February 27 (SANTIAGO, Chile)– An 8.8-magnitude earthquake occurs in Chile, triggering a tsunami over the Pacific and killing at least 525.[14] The earthquake is one of the largest in recorded history (Wikipedia)

March 16 (KAMPALA, Uganda)– The Kasubi Tombs, Uganda's only cultural World Heritage Site, are destroyed by fire (Wikipedia)

March 26 (SEOUL,South Korea) – The ROKS Cheonan, a South Korean Navy ship carrying 104 personnel, sinks off the country's west coast, killing 46. In May, an independent investigation blames North Korea, which denies the allegations (Wikipedia).

April 7 (BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan) – Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev flees Bishkek amid fierce rioting, sparking a sociopolitical crisis. Former foreign minister Roza Otunbayeva is placed at the head of an interim government as the opposition seizes control (Wikipedia)

April 10 (WARSAW, Poland)– The President of Poland, Lech Kaczyński, is among 96 killed when their airplane crashes in western Russia (Wikipedia)

April 13 (BEIJING, CHENGDUGUANGZHOU, SHANGHAI, SHENYANG  China)– A 6.9-magnitude earthquake occurs in Qinghai, China, killing at least 2,000 and injuring more than 10,000 (Wikipedia)

April 14 (REYKJAVIK, Iceland) – Volcanic ash from one of several eruptions beneath Mount Eyjafjallajökull, an ice cap in Iceland, begins to disrupt air traffic across northern and western Europe (Wikipedia)

May 12 –(TRIPOLI ,Libya) Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771 crashes at runway at Tripoli International Airport in Libya, killing 103 of the 104 people on board. (Wikipedia)

June 10 - June 14  (BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan); Ethnic riots in Kyrgyzstan between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks results in the deaths of hundreds. (Wikipedia)

October 10 – The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved, with the islands being split up and given a new constitutional status. (Wikipedia)

October 13 – ( SANTIAGO, Chile)Thirty-three miners near Copiapó, Chile, trapped 700 meters underground in a mining accident in San José Mine, are brought back to the surface after surviving for a record 69 days. (Wikipedia)

October 25 –(JAKARTA, Indonesia) An earthquake and consequent tsunami off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, kills over 400 people and leaves hundreds missing

November 11 – November 12 (SEOUL , South Korea)– The G-20 summit is held in Seoul, South Korea. Korea becomes the first non-G8 nation to host a G-20 leaders summit. (Wikipedia)

November 20 – (LISBON , Portugal) Participants of the 2010 NATO Lisbon summit issued the Lisbon Summit Declaration.. (Wikipedia)

November 22 (PHNOM PENH   , Cambodia) – A stampede during Bon Om Thook (Khmer Water Festival) celebrations in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, kills 347. (Wikipedia)

November 23 ( SEOUL, South Korea) – North Korea shells Yeonpyeong Island, prompting a military response by South Korea. The incident caused an escalation of tension on the Korean Peninsula and prompted widespread international condemnation. The United Nations declared it to be one of the most serious incidents since the end of the Korean War. (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================


2009 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==========================


September (KARACHI, / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan) , a U.S. Drone strike reportedly killed Ilyas Kashmiri, who was the chief of Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami, a Kashmiri militant group associated with Al-Qaeda (Wikipedia)

- May 1  – (KARACHI, / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan)  Osama bin Laden, the founder and leader of the militant group Al-Qaedakilled during an American military operation in Pakistan. (Wikipedia),

February 11 (CAIRO, Egypt) – Arab Spring: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak resigns after widespread protests calling for his departure, leaving control of Egypt in the hands of the military until a general election can be held. (Wikipedia)

March 11 (TOKYO, Japan) – A 9.1-magnitude[15] earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit the east of Japan, killing 15,840 and leaving another 3,926 missing. Tsunami warnings are issued in 50 countries and territories. Emergencies are declared at four nuclear power plants affected by the quake (Wikipedia)

March 17 (TRIPOLI ,Libya)– Arab Spring and the Libyan civil war: The United Nations Security Council votes 10-0 to create a no-fly zone over Libya in response to allegations of government aggression against civilians (Wikipedia)

April 11 (ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast) – Former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo is arrested in his home in Abidjan by supporters of elected President Alassane Ouattara with support from French forces thereby ending the 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis and civil war. (Wikipedia)

April 29  (LONDON, England)– An estimated two billion people[23] watch the wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine Middleton at Westminster Abbey in London. (Wikipedia)

May 26 – ( SARAJEVO, Bosnia) Former Bosnian Serb Army commander Ratko Mladić, wanted for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, is arrested in Serbia. (Wikipedia)

June 4 – (SANTIAGO, Chile) Puyehue volcano erupts, causing air traffic cancellations across South America, New Zealand, Australia and forcing over 3,000 people to evacuate.. (Wikipedia)

July 22  ( OSLO , Norway) – Anders Behring Breivik kills 77 people in twin terrorist attacks in Norway after a bombing in the Regjeringskvartalet government center in Oslo and a shooting at a political youth camp on the island of Utøya. (Wikipedia)

July 31 ( BANGKOK, Thailand)  -   over 12.8 million people are affected by severe flooding
815 people are killed, with 58 of the country's 77 provinces affected. (Wikipedia)

September 5  (NEW DELHI, BOMBAY/MUMBAI, CALCUTTA, MADRAS, India)  India and Bangladesh sign a pact to end their 40-year border demarcation dispute. (Wikipedia)

October 4 (MOGADISHU , Somalia)  - Mogadishu bombing: 100 people are killed in a car bombing in the Somali capital Mogadishu. (Wikipedia)

October 23 ( ANKARAISTANBUL Turkey) – A magnitude 7.2 Mw earthquake jolted eastern Turkey near the city of Van, killing 604 people, and damaging about 2,200 buildings . (Wikipedia)

December 15 (BAGHDAD, Iraq)  The United States formally declares an end to the Iraq War. (Wikipedia)

December 16  (MANILA , Philippines) – Tropical Storm Washi causes 1,268 flash flood fatalities in the Philippines with 85 people officially listed as missing (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

2008

WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)   

Operation Enduring Freedom

=============================

January 24 ( KINSHASA, Dem Rep Congo) – A peace deal ends the Kivu war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Wikipedia)

January 25 (BEIJING, CHENGDUGUANGZHOU, SHANGHAI, SHENYANG  China)–– China's worst snowstorm since 1954 kills 133, delays traffic, and causes massive power outages in central and southern parts of the country (Wikipedia)

February 2 (NDJAMENA, Chad) – Rebels attack the capital of Chad, N'Djamena (Wikipedia)

February 11 (Dili, East Timor) – President of East Timor José Ramos-Horta is seriously wounded in an attack on his home by rebel soldiers. Rebel leader Alfredo Reinado is killed by Ramos-Horta's security guards during the attack (Wikipedia)

February 17 (PRISTINA ,Kosovo / BELGRADE, Serbia)Kosovo formally declares independence from Serbia, with support from some countries but opposition from others (Wikipedia)

February 18 (KARACHI / ISLAMABAD, Pakistan) - A general election is held in Pakistan, delayed from January 8 due to riots in the wake of the assassination of Benazir Bhutto. Opposition parties, including Bhutto's, take more than half of the seats, while President Pervez Musharraf's party suffers a huge defeat (Wikipedia)

March 1 (JERUSALEMTEL AVIV Israel) – In Gaza Strip, at least 52 Palestinians and 2 Israeli soldiers are killed in the most intense Israeli air strikes since 2005 (Wikipedia)

March 2 (CARACAS ,Venezuela /, QUITO, Ecuador / BOGOTA Colombia)– 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis: Venezuela and Ecuador move troops to the Colombian border, following a Colombian raid against FARCRaúl Reyes is killed guerrillas inside Ecuador's national territory, in which senior commander (Wikipedia)

March 24 (Thimphu, Bhutan) –  first-ever general elections. (Wikipedia)

April 27 – (KABUL, Afghanistan) The Taliban attempts to assassinate Afghan President Hamid Karzai in a military parade in Kabul. (Wikipedia)

May 3 – (RANGOON , Burma/Mayanmar)  Over 133,000 in Burma/Myanmar are killed by Cyclone Nargis, (Wikipedia)

May 7 (MOSCOW, LENINGRAD (R)  ST. PETERSBURG   VLADIVOSTOK  Russia)– Dmitry Medvedev takes office as President of Russia, replacing Vladimir Putin.

May 12 (BEIJING, CHENGDUGUANGZHOU, SHANGHAI, SHENYANG  China)– Over 69,000 are killed in central south-west China by the Wenchuan quake, an earthquake measuring 7.9 Moment magnitude scale. The epicenter is 90 kilometers (56 mi) west-northwest of the provincial capital Chengdu, Sichuan province.

May 28 (KATHMANDU, Nepal) The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is established after the Assembly votes overwhelmingly in favor of abolishing the country's 240-year-old monarchy. Girija Prasad Koirala becomes temporary head of state.

June 2  (KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan) – A car bomb explodes outside the Danish embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing at least five people.

June 27 (HARARE, Zimbabwe)- President Robert Mugabe is reelected with 85.5% of the vote in the second round of the controversial Zimbabwean presidential election.

July 2 (BOGOTA, Colombia) – Íngrid Betancourt and 14 other hostages are rescued from FARCColombian security forces. (Wikipedia)

July 7  (KABUL, Afghanistan) – A suicide-bomber drives an explosives-laden automobile into the front gates of the Indian embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan, killing 58 and injuring over 150. (Wikipedia)

July 7 – July 9 (TOKYO, Japan) – The 34th G8 summit is held in Tōyako, Hokkaidō, Japan. (Wikipedia)

July 15 – July 20 (CANBERRA  Austrailia)  – World Youth Day takes place in Sydney, Australia. Pope Benedict XVI appears at the event (Wikipedia)

July 23 (KATHMANDU, Nepal) – Ram Baran Yadav is sworn in as the first President of Nepal (Wikipedia)

August 6 (NOUAKCHOTT, Mauritania) – President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi of Mauritania is deposed in a military coup d'état. (Wikipedia)

August 7 (TBILISI, Georgia / MOSCOW, LENINGRAD (R)  ST. PETERSBURG   VLADIVOSTOK  Russia)  – The 2008 South Ossetia war begins, as Georgia and RussiaSouth Ossetia after days of border skirmishes between the two sides. (Wikipedia)

August 8 – August 24 (BEIJING, CHENGDUGUANGZHOU, SHANGHAI, SHENYANG  China)– The 2008 Summer Olympics take place in Beijing, China. (Wikipedia)

August 15 (KATHMANDU, Nepal) – Pushpa Kamal Dahal (known as Prachanda) is sworn in as the first Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, after the Nepalese monarchy was abolished in May. (Wikipedia)

August 18  ( KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan) – Pervez Musharraf resigns as President of Pakistan, under impeachment pressure from the coalition government.

September 2 (BANGKOK, Thailand) – Political crisis : Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej declares a state of emergency 

September 3 ( KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan) - Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani of Pakistan survives an assassination attempt near Islamabad, while on his way to meet British Leader of the Opposition David Cameron.

September 9 (BANGKOK, Thailand) –– Political crisis in Thailand: The Constitutional Court of Thailand orders Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej to resign, after he is paid for appearing on a television cooking show.


September 20 ( KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan) -  A suicide truck bomb explosion destroys the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing at least 60 and injuring 266

October 6 (BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan) - An earthquake measuring 6.6 magnitude kills at least 65 in Kyrgyzstan.

November 4 – United States presidential election, 2008: Barack Obama is elected the 44th President of the United States, and becomes the first African-American President-elect

November 6 (THIMPHU, Bhutan)  – King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan is crowned, having ascended to the throne in 2006

November 26 – November 29  (NEW DELHI, BOMBAY/MUMBAI, CALCUTTA, MADRAS, India)– A series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India by Pakistan-based Islamic militants who lay siege over a hotel for 2 days, results in 195 casualties, and over 250 injured. (Wikipedia)

November 29 (ABUJA /LAGOS, Nigeria) – Riots in Jos, Nigeria, kill 381, and injure at least 300. (Wikipedia)

December 6  ( ATHENS, Greece) – Riots spread across Greece after a 15-year-old boy is shot dead by a special guard of the Greek Police (Wikipedia)

December 23  (CONAKRY, Guinea) – A military coup d'état is announced in Guinea shortly after the death of long-time President Lansana Conté(Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================


2007

WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)  

 Operation Enduring Freedom

==========================

April 3 (KYIV , Ukraine) -  Second Orange Revolution: The President of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, dissolves the Ukrainian Parliament, following defections that increased the majority of his opponents. (Wikipedia)

April 26 (TALLINN, Estonia) – Bronze Night: Russians riot in the city of Tallinn, Estonia, about moving the Bronze Soldier war memorial, a Soviet World War II memorial. One person is killed after two of the worst nights of rioting in Estonian history. (Wikipedia)

August 15 (LIMA, Peru) – An 8.0 earthquake strikes Peru, killing 512 people, injuring more than 1,500, and causing tsunami warnings in the Pacific Ocean. (Wikipedia)

November 3 ( KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan)– President Pervez Musharraf declares a state of emergencyPakistan. (Wikipedia)

November 16 (DHAKA, Bangladesh) – Approximately 10,000 people are believed to have died after Cyclone Sidr hits Bangladesh. (Wikipedia)

December 27 ( KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan)- Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated, and at least 20 others are killed, by a bomb blast at an election rally in Rawalpindi. (Wikipedia)

December 27 NAIROBI, Kenya) - Riots erupt in Mombasa, Kenya, after Mwai Kibaki is declared the winner of the presidential election, triggering a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

2006 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================

January 16 (MONROVIA, Liberia) – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf assumes office as President of Liberia, the first female elected head of state in Africa. (Wikipedia)

February 10 – February 26 (ROME/MILAN /VATICAN CITY, Italy) – The 2006 Winter Olympics are held in Turin, Italy. (Wikipedia)

May 27 (JAKARTA, Indonesia) – A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes central Java in Indonesia, killing more than 6,000, injuring at least 36,000 and leaving some 1.5 million people homeless (Wikipedia)

June 3 (BELGRADE, Serbia )– Montenegro declares independence after a May 21 referendum. The state union of Serbia and Montenegro is dissolved on June 5, leaving Serbia as the successor state (Wikipedia)

June 9 – July 9 (BERLIN, / FRANKFURT / HAMBURG  / BONN / BREMEN  Germany) – The 2006 FIFA World Cup begins in Germany

September 19  (BANGKOK, Thailand) – Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra  declares a state of emergency in Bangkok as members of the Royal Thai Army stage a coup d'état. The army announces the removal of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra from power (Wikipedia)

September 12 (DAMASCUS, Seria)  Attack on US Embassy  (Wikipedia)

November 12 – (TBILISI, Georgia) The former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia (Wikipedia)

December 5  – The military seizes power in Fiji, in a coup d'état led by Commodore Josaia Vorenathalie qe "Frank" Bainimarama
(Wikipedia)

December 30 (MADRID, Spain)– Basque nationalist group ETA detonates a van bomb at Madrid-Barajas Airport in Madrid, Spain, ending a nine-month ceasefire. (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

=============================================

March 7  -( CAIRO, Egypt)
Former MSG Sgt John P. Phillips  dies from wounds received in Iraq (roadside bomb)

May 
Marine Security Guard Battalion name changed to Marine Corps Embassy Security Command

May 17 - 21 8th MEGA Reunion - San Antonio, TX


2005 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================

January 20 – George W. Bush is inaugurated in Washington, D.C. for his second term as the 43rd President of the United States (Wikipedia)

January 30 ( BAGHDAD, Iraq) – The first free Parliamentary elections in Iraq since 1958 take place (Wikipedia)

February 14- (BERUIT, Lebanon) Former Prime Minister of Lebanon Rafik Hariri is killed in Beirut after an assassination attempt by suicide bombing; it also kills at least 16 other people and injures 120 others (Wikipedia)

April 2  (VATICAN CITY, Vatican)– Pope John Paul II dies; over 4 million people travel to the Vatican to mourn him (Wikipedia)
April 19 – Pope Benedict XVI succeeds Pope John Paul II, becoming the 265th pope. (Wikipedia)

July 7 (LONDON, England) – Four terror attacks (3 on the London Underground and 1 on a bus) rock the transport network in London, killing 52 (not including the 4 bombers) and injuring over 700 (Wikipedia)

August 1 (DHAHRANJEDDAHRIYADH , Saudi Arabia)  – King Fahd of Saudi Arabia died at the hospital because of pneumonia and a high fever. (Wikipedia)

August 22 (HARARE, Zimbabwe) – A 4.1 kilograms (9.0 lb) meteorite crashes into the Dotito area of Zambezi Escarpment in Zimbabwe, leaving a 150 millimeters (5.9 in) crater. (Wikipedia)

October 1- The 2005 Bali bombings kill 26 people and injure more than 100. (Wikipedia)

October 8 (NEW DELHI, BOMBAY/MUMBAI, CALCUTTA, MADRAS, India)– The  Kashmir earthquake kills about 80,000 people. (Wikipedia)

November 9 (AMMAN, Jordan)  – At least 50 people are killed and more than 120 injured in a series of coordinated suicide bombings in Amman, Jordan (Wikipedia)

December 11 (CANBERRA / SYDNEY, Australia) – The 2005 Cronulla riots occur in Sydney, Australia, involving up to 5,000 youths (Wikipedia)

December 23  (NDJAMENA, Chad / KHARTOUM, Sudan) – Chad declares a state of war with Sudan, following a December 18 attack on Adre, which left about 100 people dead. (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================

March -( MANAMA, Bahrain) 

Leatherneck Article on MSG Detachment - Manama, Bahrain


May 6 - (NAIROBI, Kenya)

New MSG Residence in Nairobi dedicated to Sgt Jesse Aliganga


(SAIGON, Vietnam ) /( DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania), /(Stuttgart & MUNICH Germany) 

In Memoriam: Colin Broussard  (PPSU)

(PARIS, France)

In Memoriam: Craig Ashe
(Paris Peace Talks Detail, 1966-68)

 

September  19  -( MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay) /( TALLINN, Estonia)

In Memoriam:  Former MSG Peter J. Tocci killed in Convoy Attack in Iraq

November

Former MSG, Det Commander, MSG Instructor Sgt Maj Thomas Hall Jr. assumes post as Bn Sgt Major of 2nd Assault Amphibian Battalion 

November 15 -( MADRID, Spain)

Former MSG LCpl  Billy Miller (Madrid) killed in Iraq with 8th Marines.


MSG - Cedric Pippen, wounded in roadside bombing  (research needed)

2004 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================

November 2 (BAGHDAD, Iraq). U.S. troops launch attack on Falluja Iraq, stronghold of the Iraqi insurgency  (Wikipedia)

February 29 (PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti) Armed rebels in Haiti force President Aristide to resign and flee the country   (Wikipedia)

April 12 (JERUSALEM, / TEL AVIV , Israel)  prime minister Sharon announces plan to unilaterally withdraw from Gaza Strip  (Wikipedia)

April 24. (ATHENS, Greece, / ANKARA, ISTANBULTurkey) Greek Cypriots reject UN reunification plan with Turkish Cypriots  (Wikipedia)

May 26  (KHARTOUM, Sudan)  rebels (SPLA) and government reach accord to end 21-year civil war. However, separate war in western Darfur region between Arab militias and black Africans continues unabated  (Wikipedia)

June 28 (BAGHDAD, Iraq) . U.S. hands over power to Iraqi interim government; Iyad Allawi becomes prime minister  (Wikipedia)

June 30 (JERUSALEM, / TEL AVIV , Israel)    Supreme Court orders removal of part of security barrier dividing Israeli and Palestinian lands

August 13 (ATHENS, Greece) Summer Olympics take place in Athens, Greece  (Wikipedia)

August 13 - 29 (CARACAS , Venezuela)  VenezuelanHugo Chavez president survives recall referendum  (Wikipedia)

August 30 - September 2 MOSCOW, LENINGRAD (R)  ST. PETERSBURG   VLADIVOSTOK  Russia)  Chechen terrorists take about 1,200 schoolchildren and others hostage in Beslan, Russia; 340 people die when militants detonate explosives (Oct. 25). Bush reelected president  (Wikipedia)

November. 8 (PARIS,France). Yasir Arafat dies in Paris  (Wikipedia)

November. 30 (KABUL, Afghanistan)   Hamid KarzaiAfghanistan's first popularly elected president inaugurated   (Wikipedia)

December. 15 (KYIV ,Ukraine). Massive protests by supporters of opposition candidate Viktor Yushchenko's lead to a new Ukrainian election; Yushchenko eventually declared prime minister  (Wikipedia)

December. 26 (Asia). Enormous tsunami devastates Asia; at least 225,000 killed   (Wikipedia)

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January 29 - ( BRASILIARIO de JANEIRO  Brazil) /(  MOSCOW Russia)
Kyle Seitsinger KIA Afghanistan presented degree posthumously

March 15 - (ISLAMABAD, Pakistan)
MSG Foils Car Bomb Attack at Embassy


March 30 -( TASHKENT, Uzbekistan)
 Terrorism Threat - Attack on Embassy

July 28 -(BOGOTA, Colombia), (MSGBn / MCESG)
In Memoriam: Former MSG MGySgt Shawn A. Lane killed in Iraq

August 4 - (DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania) ( MOSCOW, Russia)
In Memoriam: GySgt Eli Fontecchio Former MSG - KIA Iraq

Aug 4, 2004 -( NASSAU, Bahamas) ( HAVANA, Cuba)
In MemoriamSergeant Melissa Schmidt
Police Officer - killed in line of duty, Minneapolis, Mn

November 20 
Richard L. Armitage, Deputy Secretary of  State Addresses MSG Graduating Class

December 8 - JEDDAH, Saudi Arabia
MSG's repel Al Qaeda attack on US Consulate in Jeddah
Sgt Greg Matos has been awarded a Bronze Star with Combat "V" for his actions defending the US Embassy in Jeddah

Web Article: Laurence M. Vance 
Guarding The Empire Article on MSG Troop levels worldwide

Decembar  01 - Monrovia, Liberia / Valletta, Malta 
Magazine Artical on MSG experiences of Sgt. Benjamin Feibleman  Jewish Review



2003 WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================

Aug. 11  ((KABUL, Afghanistan) NATO assumes control of peacekeeping force in Afghanistan

Iraq War

December . 13 (BAGHDAD, Iraq) .Saddam Hussein is captured by American troops Suddam Husain Captured in Tekrit

February  2  (CARACAS , Venezuela) .9-week general strike in Venezuela calling for President Chavez's resignation ends in defeat

March 15 (BEIJING, CHENGDUGUANGZHOU, SHANGHAI, SHENYANG  China) Hu Jintao succeeds Chinese president Jiang Zemin

April 29 (JERUSALEM, / TEL AVIV , Israel) .First Palestinian prime minister, Mahmoud Abbas, sworn in.  (Wikipedia)

May 30 (RANGOON, Burma/Mayanmar) . Burmes opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi again placed under house

July 27 (MANILA Philippines) .Mutinous troops attempt unsuccessful coup in Philippines

August 5 (,JAKARTA Indonesia): - A car bomb exploded outside the Marriott Hotel in Jakarta, Indonesia, killing 10 persons

August. 11  (MONROVIA,Liberia) autocratic president Charles Taylor forced to leave civil war–ravaged country

August 19  (JERUSALEM, / TEL AVIV , Israel) Palestinian suicide bombing in Jerusalem kills 20 Israelis, including 6 children

August. 20 (CARACAS ,Venezuela) opposition files petition for referendum to recall President Hugo Chavez

September. 6 (JERUSALEM, / TEL AVIV , Israel).Palestinian prime minister Mahmoud Abbas resigns; “road map” to peace effectively collapses

October 15 (JERUSALEM, / TEL AVIV , Israel): Bomb Attack on U.S. Diplomats in the Gaza Strip, \October 15, 2003 3 Dyncorp Security Guards killed

Novemer. 15 (ANKARA, ISTANBULTurkey)  Suicide bombers attack two synagogues in Istanbul, Turkey, killing 25 .

November. 20 (ANKARA, ISTANBULTurkey)   Another terrorist attack in Istanbul kills 26; al-Qaeda suspected in both .

November. 23.(TBILISI,Georgia) Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns after weeks of protests

December 14 -  25. (( KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan)Pakistan) : Attempted Suicide Bombing Assassinations in Rawalpindi of President Musharraf’s , ,

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March 21GENEVA, Switzerland / NAIROBI Kenya
Former MSG - Lt. Shane Childers
killed in Iraq with 5th Marines

April  
MEGA Reunion - Quantico, VA

November 6 - BAKU, Azerbaijan 
 Article on Baku Detachment  (www.marines.mil)

November 10
Commandant's Birthday Message

2003

MEGA Historical Archives Launched

2003 - BELGRADE , Serbia (Yugoslavia)

Belgrade Detachment Deactivated


2002

WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)    Operation Enduring Freedom

Operation Enduring Freedom - Philippines

Operation Enduring Freedom - Horn of Africa

Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara

January  22  (NEW DELHI, BOMBAY/MUMBAI, CALCUTTA, MADRAS, India) Armed militants on motorcycles fired on the U.S. Consulate in Calcutta, India, killing 5 Indian security personnel and wounding 13 others.

October 28  (AMMAN,Jordan)  Gunmen in Amman assassinated Laurence Foley, Executive Officer of the U.S. Agency for International Development Mission in Jordan.

October 12,  (JAKARTA, Indonesia) A car bomb exploded outside the Sari Club Discotheque in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, killing 202 persons and wounding 300 more.

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Reunion: LAS VEGAS General O'Dell Statement to the House Armed Services Committee pertaining to MSG

2001
WAR ON TERROR

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
 Operation Enduring Freedom

==============================

September 11  Terrorist Attacks on U.S. Homeland, Two hijacked airliners crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center. Soon thereafter, the Pentagon was struck by a third hijacked plane. A fourth hijacked plane, suspected to be bound for a high-profile target in Washington, crashed into a field in southern Pennsylvania. The attacks killed 3,025 U.S. citizens and other nationals.

October 17 (JERUSALEM, / TEL AVIV , Israel) : A Palestinian gunman assassinated Israeli Minister of Tourism Rehavam Zeevi in the Jerusalem hotel

October 1  (NEW DELHI, BOMBAY/MUMBAI, CALCUTTA, MADRAS, India): After a suicide car bomber forced the gate of the state legislature in Srinagar, two gunmen entered the building and held off police for seven hours before being killed. Forty persons died in the incident.

December 13  (NEW DELHI, BOMBAY/MUMBAI, CALCUTTA, MADRAS, India) 13 Five gunmen attacked the Indian Parliament in New Delhi shortly after it had adjourned. Before security forces killed them, the attackers killed 6 security personnel and a gardener.

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============================================

April

MEGA Reunion

October 23 -( VIENNA , Austria )

Anthrax found at US Embassy  -   BBC Web News Report


April 15

Stars and Strips Article - Many of Marine Corps' best and brightest stand guard at embassies, consulates

 


2000

June 8 (ATHENS,Greece) Two unidentified gunmen killed British Defense Attaché Stephen Saunders in an ambush.

May 1 (FREETOWN, Sierra Leone) :   Makeni; Revolutionary United Front (RUF) militants kidnapped at least 20 members of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) and surrounded and opened fire on a UNAMSIL facility. The militants killed 5 UN soldiers - RUF militants kidnapped 300 UNAMSIL peacekeepers throughout the country

October 12 (SANAA,Yemen):, a small dingy carrying explosives rammed the destroyer U.S.S. Cole, killing 17 sailors and injuring 39

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============================================

1300 MSGs serving at 124 posts in 115 countries.

April  (MEGA)
MEGA Reunion: Henderson Hall/Quantico

May 1  Niamey , Niger

MSG wounded in off duty attack at Niamey, Niger. civilian employee killed


1999 (ADDIS ABABA,Ethiopia )/ (ASMARA Eritrea):
Ethiopia / Eritrea Border War


October 1 (
RANGOON,Burma:/Mayanmar),( BANGKOKThailand)   Burmese dissidents seized the Burmese Embassy in Bangkok, Thailand, taking 89 persons hostage, including one U.S. citizen.

February 16 (
VIENNA , Austria)  Kurdish protesters stormed and occupied the Greek Embassy in Vienna, taking the Greek Ambassador and six other persons hostage. . Kurds also occupied Kenyan, Israeli, and other Greek diplomatic facilities in France, Holland, Switzerland, Britain, and Germany over the following days

February 14  (
KAMPALA, Uganda) A pipe bomb exploded inside a bar, killing five persons and injuring 35 others. 27 Ugandans were injured.and four Ugandan nationals died in the blast, and one U.S. citizen working for USAID, two Swiss nationals, one Pakistani, one Ethiopian, and 27 Ugandans were injured.

May 7 (
BELGRADE, Serbis(BEIJING, CHENGDUGUANGZHOU, SHANGHAI, SHENYANG  China)  US Bombs Chinese Embassy in Belgrade (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

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Marine Embassy Guard Association formed 
Founder  Robert "BigBob" Knienietz

May 7 (BELGRADE, Serbia) (BEIJING, China)
US Bombs Chinese Embassy
US Embassy attacked in Beijing during Riots
Leartherneck :Beijing Riots

1998

May 6 (Ethiopia, Eritrea): Border War

1998 - 1999 (Kosovo): Uprising


1998 - Present, (Congo): Tutsi Rebellion

August 7  (Kenya)  A bomb exploded at the rear entrance of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, killing 12 U.S. citizens, 32 Foreign Service Nationals (FSNs), and 247 Kenyan citizens. Approximately 5,000 Kenyans, 6 U.S. citizens, and 13 FSNs were injured. The U.S. Embassy building sustained extensive structural damage. Almost simultaneously, a bomb detonated outside the U.S. Embassy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, killing 7 FSNs and 3 Tanzanian citizens, and injuring 1 U.S. citizen and 76 Tanzanians.

Memories of Ambassador Prudence Bushnell (Kenya) (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

7 August 1998, Marine security guard Sgt. Jesse Aliganga killed and one Marine guarded was wounded.

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August 7  (DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania)
US Embassies in Nairobi and Dar Es Salaam bombed killing
Sgt Jesse Aliganga  Wounding a 2nd MSG.
Leatherneck Article

1997


President Clinton - The Art of Protocol  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

(PHNOM PENH  , Cambodia): Civil War

January (TIRANA, Albania): Investment Rebellion

May (FREETOWN, Sierra Leone): Military Coup / International Peacekeeping Misson

May 30 (KINSHASA, Dem Rep Congo (Zaire)): - Marines help evacuate 2,500

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============================================


1996

February 15 ATHENS, Greece) - unidentified assailants fired a rocket at the U.S. Embassy compound in Athens, causing minor damage to three diplomatic vehicles and some surrounding buildings. Circumstances of the attack suggested it was an operation carried out by the 17 November group.

June 25 (DHAHRANJEDDAHRIYADH , Saudi Arabia) Khobar Towers bombed by terrorists,

October 1 (MOSCOW, LENINGRAD (R)  ST. PETERSBURG   VLADIVOSTOK  Russia) , Assailants (Believed to be North Korean) attacked and killed a South Korean consul near his home.

December 17 (LIMA, Peru): Twenty-three members of the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) took several hundred people hostage at a party given at the Japanese Ambassador's residence in Lima, Peru. Among the hostages were several US officials, foreign ambassadors and other diplomats, Peruvian Government officials, and Japanese businessmen. The group demanded the release of all MRTA members in prison and safe passage for them and the hostage takers. The terrorists released most of the hostages in December but held 81 Peruvians and Japanese citizens for several months.

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
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============================================


1995

 March 3 MOGADISHU, Somalia: Marines complete withdrawal of UN force 

March 8 ( KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan)- Two unidentified gunmen killed two U.S. diplomats and wounded a third.

March 20 ( TOKYO, Japan) - Twelve persons were killed and 5,700 were injured in a Sarin nerve gas attack on a crowded subway station in the center of Tokyo, Japan. A similar attack occurred nearly simultaneously in the Yokohama subway system. The Aum Shinri-kyo cult was blamed for the attacks(April 19) Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Right-wing extremists Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols destroyed the Federal Building in Oklahoma City with a massive truck bomb that killed 166 and injured hundreds. (2 Marine KIA)

 June 8 ( SARAJEVO, Bosnia) - Team of forty Marines rescues Air Force pilot shot down over Bosnia-Herzegovina on 2 June (September 13) Moscow, Russia - A rocket-propelled grenade was fired through the window of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, in retaliation for U.S. strikes on Serb positions in Bosnia.

November 19 ( KARACHI / ISLAMABAD , Pakistan), Pakistan  A suicide bomber drove a vehicle into the Egyptian Embassy compound in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing at least 16 and injuring 60 persons.

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December - MADRID, Spain
(Rene Baumann  former Madrid MSG - Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group)
Madrid Det assisted Presidential visit for European Union Summit


1994

April 12 (KIGALI Rwanda): Genocide - Marines evacuate foreigners from Rwanda.

Prudence Bushnell discusses her time as Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs during the genocide in Rwanda (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

June 20) (MOGADISHU, Somalia) - Marine unit returns to Mogadishu, Somalia, to maintain peace.

Operation Restore Hope
9Dec92 - 04May94
USMC: KIA 2 WIA 15

September 20 (PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti)  - Army and 1,900 Marines land in Haiti

December 11(MOSCOW, LENINGRAD (R)  ST. PETERSBURG   VLADIVOSTOK  Russia) - Chechen Revolt

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MSG Class 4-94

1993

February 19  NEW YORK: The World Trade Center in New York City was badly damaged when a car bomb planted by Islamic terrorists exploded in an underground garage. The bomb left 6 people dead and 1,000 injured.

April 14 (KUWAIT CITY, Kuwait):  Iraqi intelligence service attempted to assassinate former U.S. President George Bush during a visit to Kuwait. In retaliation, the U.S. launched a cruise missile attack 2 months later on the Iraqi capital Baghdad.

October  (BUJUMBURA, Burundi): Civil War

October  (MOSCOW, LENINGRAD (R)  ST. PETERSBURG   VLADIVOSTOK  Russia) : Communist Revolt

September (TBILISI , Georgia): Civil War



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1992 1992 - Present  (ALGIERS , Algeria): Civil War
1992 - 1994 (DUSHANBE, Tajikistan Civil War
1992 - 1993 TBILISI, Georgia: Civil War
1992 - 2002 (
LUANDA, Angola)  Civil War
February ( CARACAS , Venezuela) Military Coup #1   Military Coup #2

February  & May  ( NDJAMENA, Chad): Failed Coup

Febrary 29  ( SARAJEVO, Bosnia) : Civil War

March 17 (
BUENOS AIRES , Argentina)-  Hizballah claimed responsibility for a blast that leveled the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, causing the deaths of 29 and wounding 242.

May 17)  (BANGKOK, Thailand): Bankok Massacre

September 26 (Moroni, Comoros): Failed Coup

December 9 (MOGADISHU, Somalia): Operation Restore Hope
Marines land in Somalia to rescue foreigners.

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MSG Class 2-92

1991 GULF WAR - DESERT STORM 1

Memories of Desert Storm -  Ambassador Chas Freeman (Saudi Arabia) (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

January 4 - ( MOGADISHU, Somalia)
Marine helicopters evacuate 281 people from U.S. Embassy

January 16  ( BAGHDAD, Iraq):  - Operation Desert Storm begins as Marines fly in first waves.

January 18-19  (MANILA , Philippines)
Iraqi agents planted bombs at the U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia’s home residence and at the USIS library in Manila.

February 13 ( BONN. Germany)
Three Red Army Faction members fired automatic rifles from across the Rhine River at the U.S. Embassy Chancery. No one was hurt.

February 24 BAGHDAD, Iraq)  - Marine 1st and 2d divisions, commanded by LtGen Walter Boomer, invade Iraq from Kuwait.

Febrary 28 - Persian Gulf War ends after exactly 100 hours 14 Apr - Marines ordered to Iraq­Turkey borde providing relief force protecting Kurds. Bangladesh: 30 Apr - Marines assist millions of homeless after cyclone kills 125,000 in Bangladesh.


USMC Col Rich Higgins KIA after 17Feb88 capture by pro-Iranian terrorists 
r
02Aug 90 - 03Mar91
USMC: KIA 24 WIA 92
======================

1975 - 1991  (
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia) : Civil War
1991 - 1993  (MOGADISHU, Somalia): Civil War
1991 - 1995 (ZAGREB  Croatia): War of Independence


February 23
(BANGKOK, Thailand): Military Coup

(April 19) Colombia: M19 Terrorism

May 4   (
RIGA, Latvia) : Soviet Invasion

May 21  (NEW DELHI, BOMBAY/MUMBAI, CALCUTTA, MADRAS, India): A female member of the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) killed herself, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, and 16 others by detonating an explosive vest after presenting a garland of flowers to the former Prime Minister during an election rally in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu

August 10  ( ANTANANARIVO, Madagascar): Palace Massacre

August  
(MOSCOW, LENINGRAD (R)  ST. PETERSBURG   VLADIVOSTOK  Russia/USSR): Fall of Soviet Union

September (CHISINAU,Moldova): Civil War

December 21  
 (MOSCOW, LENINGRAD (R)  ST. PETERSBURG   VLADIVOSTOK  Russia/USSR): - Soviet Union disbanded and replaced by Commonwealth of Independent States.

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MSG Class 5-91




1990 1990 - 1991 (MOGADISHU,Somalia): Revolution
1990 - 1992 (TBILISI, Georgia): Rebellion
1990 - 1992 (ABUJA  / LAGOS Nigeria): Jukun-Tiv Conflict

January (TIRANA, Albania): Anti-gov demonstrations

Febrary  23 (BANGKOK,Thailand): Military Coup

May19-20 (BUCHAREST, Romania): Romanian / Hungarian riots

June   ( BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan): Osh Riots

July  (PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad): Rebellion

August 18-19  (Moroni, Comoros): Mercenary Uprising

August 5  (MONROVIA,, Liberia): - Marines land in Monrovia,evacuating civilians threatened by civil war.

October 4  (MANILA,  Phillipines): Army Rebellion

October 13  (BEIRUT ,Lebanon): Sria Assault on Aoun

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1989 1989 - (DHAHRANJEDDAHRIYADH , Saudi Arabia)   Memories of SCUD attacks - ConGen Ken Stammerman

1988 - 1990  (
CUIDAD TRUJILLO / SANTO DOMINGO Dominican Republic) Consular Officer gone bad - Memoirs of RSO  Walter B. Deering (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

1989-1991 (DAKAR,Senagal): Border War with Mauritania

1989 (
CARACAS , Venezuela): Food Riots

February 3 (
ASUNCION Paraguay): Military Revolt

April 21  ( MANILA , Philippines: Apr 21 The New People’s Army (NPA) assassinated Colonel James Rowe in Manila. The NPA also assassinated two U.S. government defense contractors in September.

June 4  
(BEIJING, CHENGDUGUANGZHOU, SHANGHAI, SHENYANG  China): Tianamen Square Massacre (Wikipedia)
Tiananmen  Square Massacre (Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training)

September 1 ( PANAMA CITY ,Panama): Military Coup

October 3  
(BERLIN, / FRANKFURT / HAMBURG  / BONN / BREMEN  Germany): Reunification

Berlin Wall is torn down

November 29  (
Moroni, Comoros): Coup:

December 1-9 (
MANILA ,Phillipines): Military Revolt

December 20 ( PANAMA CITY ,Panama): US Invasion
- Memories of John  Bushnell (Charge' d Affaires  (89-92)Part 1
- Memories of John  Bushnell (Charge' d Affaires  (89-92)Part 2

December 20-30 (BUCHAREST,Romania): Revolution

December 24 (
MONROVIA Liberia) : Civil War

December 20  ( PANAMA CITY ,Panama): US Invasion.  - Marines are part of force that tries to capture Panama's dictator, Manuel Antonio Noriega
USMC KIA 1 WIA 3


USMC Lt Robert Paz Killed by Panamanian forces a roadblock


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June 7  - SANTIAGO, Chile
Rocket Attack on USEMB   - Sgt Cowen Flag Article in "Defend America"
 

1988 February 17 ( TEHRAN (D), Iran),  Col Rich HIggins Captured by Pro-Iranian terrorists (killed 6Jul90)

April 14 USS Sameul B. Roberts struck by mine in Persian Gulf killing 10 sailors

(April 16  
(MILAN , ROME Italy) (VATICAN CITY, Holy See)  Japanese Red Army bombing of USO Club in Naples, Italy  killing US Naval personnel

April 18
( TEHRAN), Iran),USMC Helicoptor shot down by Iranian naval forces (June 28) Navy Capt William E. Nordeen (Naval Attache)  killed by car bomb

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William Owens /Former MSG  (CARACAS , Venezuela)
 "sent from Caracas,Venezuela to beef up security at the Embassy in Honduras. The DEA Snatched up some drug king and the locals were not happy about it so they burnt down the annex across the street from the Embassy and said in one week if we didn't bring him back they were going to burn down the Embassy." (Facebook Marine Embassy Security Group).

1987 June  (SEOUL, South Korea),  Anti-government riots  "Delivering the Mail and Avoiding Martial Law in South Korea, "  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

June 12 
(BERLIN, / FRANKFURT / HAMBURG  / BONN / BREMEN  Germany) President Reagan "Mr. Gorbachev, Tear down this wall!”  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training).

July 1  
(DHAHRANJEDDAHRIYADH , Saudi Arabia) : Pro-Iranian Riot at Grand Mosque
(OnWar.com)

17 May  (
BAGHDAD,Iraq): Missile attack on USS Stark (OnWar.com)
December  (BANGKOK, Thailand / VIENTIANE Laos: Border Clash (OnWar.com)

December 27 (MADRID, Spain) Grenade Attack on USO Club in Barcelona Spain killing 1 Sailor / Wounding 5 (NY Tmes 28 Dec 97)

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MSG Class 3-87

1986 April 15  (TRIPOLI , Libya)  US Attacks Libya
Michael Ussery, Deputy Assistant Secretary (DAS) for Near East Asian Affairs from 1985 to 1988. (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training).

1986 - 1999 (
PARAMARIBO, Surname): Guerrilla War

1986 - 1987 (MANAGUA, Niciragua): Honduras Invades

1986 (SANAAYemen): Civil War

February 7 (  MANILA , Phillipines) : Revolution

April 5   TRIPOLI , Libya: US retaliation Air Raid  (Wikipedia)

1986 - 1995   KAMPALA, Uganda: Civil War

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Antitank Missile fired at US Embassy (Research Needed)


Alex Keoskey  (
MOSCOW, Russia) (REYKJAVIK, Iceland) (STOCKHOLM, Sweden) (FRANKFURT Germany)
"After Moscow, I went to Frankfurt and was assigned a couple of posts for temp support. The last one was to the Reagan-Gorbachev Summit in Reykjavík, Iceland in October 1986. Also temporarily assigned to Stockholm Sweden in April 1986 for the CDE Conference from Frankfurt. I caught a nice dose of Chernobyl radiation when I was there, since it all went north."
- (Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group).

Alex Keoskey (MOSCOW, Russia) (REYKJAVIK, Iceland) (STOCKHOLM, Sweden) (FRANKFURT Germany)
 "What a pleasure the courier runs were. The train ride between Moscow and Helsinki was a little bumpy, but once you got to Helsinki, enjoyed nice rare steak and an ice cold beer. That was pretty awesome. Helsinki is one of those "best kept secret" cities. Not your typical tourist destination but very pleasant nonetheless." - (Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group).

William Owens  (REYKJAVIK, Iceland)
"The Marine Detachment from Iceland and Marines from all over Europe helped with security for President Reagan - (Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group)"

1985 Comoros: Military Revolt (OnWar.com)

February 7   (PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti) : Revolution (OnWar.com)

June 14  ( ATHENS, Greece) : Seabee Steelworker 2nd Class Robert Dean Stethem of Underwater Construction Team 2 was killed by terrorists (OnWar.com)

July 27  (
KAMPALA, Uganda): Military Coup (OnWar.com)

Off-duty Marines assigned to Marine Security Guard Detachment, San Salvador, El Salvador, were killed by terrorists armed with automatic weapons at a cafe in the Zona Rosa district of San
Salvador, 19 June 1985.


 September 9 
(BANGKOK, Thailand): Failed Coup (OnWar.com)

September 30  (BEIRUT , LEBANON)  In Beirut, Lebanon, Sunni terrorists kidnapped four Soviet diplomats. One was killed but three were later released. (February 07)  MEXICO: Under the orders of narcotrafficker Rafael Caro Quintero, Drug Enforcement Administration agent Enrique Camarena Salazar and his pilot were kidnapped, tortured and executed (OnWar.com)


 December  (ABUJA  / LAGOS Nigeria): Coup (OnWar.com)

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SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador (Santa Rosa Attacks -  MSGs Assasinated by Terrorists)
SSgt Handwork
Sgt Weber

Sgt Dickson

Sgt Kwiatkowski

MSG Class 1985
 
Kieth English  (BELGRADE, Serbia /Yugoslavia)
American Embassy, Belgrade 1985. "Toga Party...outta nowhere! with Nelson Ivan Martinez. I remember someone screaming, "let's have a toga party!!!" Calls were made to the British Embassy, Australian Embassy, and Swiss Embassy. Knowing it would snowball from there. " - (Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group)"

Richard Callahan June *(or July) , TAD in Mexico city for official sec. State George Shultz. Mexico city marines were reinforcing Det. In San Salvador after the zona rosa terrorist attack. - (Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group)"

1984
June 3 (BEIRUT ,Lebanon) : CIA Station Chief William Buckley kidnapped, murdered

1984 (
BANGKOK, Thailand/VIENTIANE, Laos) : Border Clash

1984 - 1985  
(SOFIA, Bulgaria): Turkish Assimilation

February 7 
(BERLIN, / FRANKFURT / HAMBURG  / BONN / BREMEN  Germany): - LCPL Rudolfo Hernandez killed in terrorist attack,

 
July 31 (BEIRUT ,Lebanon) - All Marines except embassy guard leave Lebanon after 533-day intervention..

October 31 
 (NEW DELHI, BOMBAY/MUMBAI, CALCUTTA, MADRAS, India)  Premier Indira Gandhi was shot to death by members of her security force.

 
(August 25 - 26)  (BEIRUT ,Lebanon) Peacekeeping Mission
USMC KIA 234 WIA 151

Four Marine security guards were wounded in terrorist bombing
of US Embassy Annex, East Beirut, Lebanon, 20 Sep. 1984

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================

MSG Class 3-84
MSG Class 5-84

(
BEIRUT , Lebanon)
Navy PO1 Michael R. Wagner (DAO Office) Killed 4 MSGs and 2 Sailors wounded in bombing of US Embassy annex - East Beirut  (Research Needed)

 

Camilo Andrade  (BEIJING, China)
." Back then the only vehicles on the road were a few taxi cabs and diplomatic vehicles.. Rush hour was a bitch... If you went down you were going to end up with tire tracks from millions of 1950's style bikes all over you.. :-)  "

[Tunnels under Beijing]... "We were taken into a department store of sorts off the beaten path, taken behind a display case where they kicked the side of the wall and the floor opened up. For those that might not be aware, there is an array of tunnels under Beijing that were put in place as a sort of fall out shelter for the people in the city. They have school rooms, hospitals, and gardens planted so that they can survive for a prolonged period in them if necessary... There are port holes along the walls for them to shoot through and at various intervals there are places where they can open the floor where it is booby trapped... My advice would be if you ever find yourself chasing the Chinese in Beijing, don't follow them into the tunnels.. LOL. :-) It was really something to see."   - (Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group)"

1983 April 18 ((BEIRUT ,Lebanon)) Suicide Bombing at US Embassy (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)
 Casualties included eight Marine Security Guards


October 23 - November 2 (St. Georges,Grenada)
US Invasion - Operation Urgent Fury

USMC 3 KIA 15 WIA

(October 23) (
NICOSIA, Cyprus)
CPL Guillermo Sanpedro Killed by terrorists


(October) - Marines and Army intervene in Grenada, West Indies.

Burma: North Korean Agents Bomb Memorial Nigeria: Military Coup Upper Volta: Military Coup Guatemala: Military Coup USSR: Soviets shoot down KAL 007 Korean Airliner
(October 23( LEBANON, 
Simultaneous suicide truck-bomb attacks were made on American and French compounds in Beirut, Lebanon. A 12,000-pound bomb destroyed the U.S. compound, killing 242 Americans, while 58 French troops were killed when a 400-pound device destroyed a French base. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility

October 23 (BEIRUT , Lebanon)
- Terrorist truck-bomb blows up headquarters of 1st Battalion, 8th Marines at Beirut airport, killing 241 Americans, of whom 220 are Marines

US Embassy Annex Bombed (Washington Post)

Sudan: Revolution (November 15) GREECE:  A U.S. Navy officer, Capt. George Tsantes was shot by the November 17 terrorist group Capt. George Tsantes
 


Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
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============================================

Marines all agree embassy is haunted. Strange noises, doors closing, books falling off shelves.

April 18 (BEIRUT , Lebanon)
In Memoriam:   Cpl Robert V. McMaugh  Killed in Terrrist Bombing of Embassy



MSG Class 1-83
MSG Class 4-83


1982

 1982   
(GUATEMALA CITY Guatemala): Military Coup

 March 24  
DHAKA,Bangladesh: Military Coup

April 2  
BUENOS AIRES , Argentina / LONDON, England: Falkland Islands war with England (OnWar.com)  - Falklands War (Wikipedia)

June 6   (BEIRUT , Lebanon): Isreal Invades

June 7 - (BEIRUT , Lebanon)  Marine security guard wounded

June 30  ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia  / MOGADISHU, Somalia : Border clash with Somalia

 August 25   (
BEIRUT Lebanon):  Multinational Force Arrival
 Beirut Memorial

25Aug82 - 26Feb84 Lebanon Peacekeeping Mission USMC KIA 234 WIA 151  


 September 1   (
BANGUI, Central AfricanCentral African Rep): Military Coup

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================

MSG Class 1-82

Martin Carl Sharpe (VIENNA , Austria)
 1982..."Pilot and copilot hijacked their own passenger plane and head to Vienna. Upon arriving they make there way to the consulate before business hours. They are let in and show documentation (pictures) of Soviet troops in Poland that the Soviets had denied for the past year. 2 months later the RSO gave me a letter from the pilots saying thanks...then he shredded it." - (Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group)"


1981 January 10  SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador– Salvadoran Civil War: The FMLN launches its first major offensive, gaining control of most of Morazán and Chalatenango departments.

MANILA , Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos lifts martial law.

January 19  TEHRAN , Iran– United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
January 20 – Iran releases the 52 Americans held for 444 days within minutes of Ronald Reagan succeeding Jimmy Carter as the President of the United States, ending the Iran hostage crisis.

February 4    OSLO, Norway– Gro Harlem Brundtland becomes Prime Minister of Norway.

Ecuador/Peru:
Border War

February 24  (ATHENS, Greece) – A powerful, magnitude 6.7 earthquake hits Athens, killing 16 people, injuring thousands and destroying several buildings, mostly in Corinth and the nearby towns of Loutraki, Kiato and Xylokastro.

17 March (SAN JOSE, Costa Rica) Three US Marines were wounded in a terrorist attack, 

May 13 (VATICAN CITY, Holy See)– Pope John Paul II is shot and nearly killed by Mehmet Ali Ağca, a Turkish gunman, as he enters St. Peter's Square in Vatican City to address a general audience.

May 21 (PARIS, France) Socialist François Mitterrand becomes President.

May 26 (MILAN , ROME Italy) (VATICAN CITY, Holy See)– The Italian government resigns over its links to the fascist Masonic cell Propaganda Due.

May 30Bangladesh President Ziaur Rahman is assassinated in Chittagong.

June 7 – The Israeli Air Force destroys Iraq's Osirak nuclear reactor.

June 13 – At the Trooping the Colour ceremony in London, Marcus Sarjeant fires 6 blank shots at Elizabeth II.

July 3 – The Toxteth riots in Liverpool, UK start after a mob saves a youth from being arrested. Shortly afterward, the Chapeltown riots in Leeds start after increased racial tension.

July 17 - In Bolivia, General Luis Gracia Meza leads a bloody coup d'état against the elected government of Lidia Gayler.

August 19 - Gulf of Sidra incident (1981): Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi sends two Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets to intercept two U.S. fighters over the Gulf of Sidra. The American jets destroy the Libyan fighters.

August 28 – South African troops invade Angola.

August 31 – A bomb explodes at the U.S. Air Force base in Ramstein, West Germany, injuring 20 people

September 21 – Belize becomes independent.

October 6 – Egyptian president Anwar Sadat is assassinated during a parade by army members who belong to the Egyptian Islamic Jihad organization; they opposed his negotiations with Israel.

October 14 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt 1 week after Anwar Sadat's assassination.

October 21 – Andreas Papandreou becomes Prime Minister of Greece.

November 1 – Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.

November 25–November 26 – A group of mercenaries led by Mike Hoare take over Mahe airport in the Seychelles in a coup attempt. Most of the mercenaries escape by a commandeered Air India passenger jet; 6 are later arrested.

November 30 – Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin negotiating intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings end inconclusively on Thursday, December 17).

December 13 – Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland, to prevent the dismantling of the communist system by Solidarity.

December 15 – A car bomb destroys the Iraqi Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 61 people; Syrian intelligence is blamed.

December 31 – A coup d'état in Ghana removes President Hilla Limann's PNP government and replaces it with the PNDC led by Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings.


Niciragua: Anti Sandinista rebellion

Comoros: Coup

Egypt: Anwar Sadat Assasinated

Chad: Libya invades

Poland: Martial Law

Seychelles: Failed Coup Attempt

31 AUG
WEST GERMANY The Red Army exploded a bomb at the U.S. Air Force Base at Ramstein, West Germany

Bangladesh: Military Coup attempt - President Killed

Ghana: Military Coup

Spain: Military Coup

Uganda: Bush War

September 14 (Lebanon):  Premier Bashir Gemayel was assassinated by a car bomb parked outside his party’s Beirut headquarters. (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================


E. Alex Coupher  (BOGOTA, Colombia)
 - October ; "VPOTUS two-day visit. Sgt. Copher/Sgt. Miller assigned SPD duties for Vice Pres and Mrs. Bush; worked in tandem with USSS. Three-piece suits, carried a briefcase "kit", talked into our hands a lot, and did not sleep for 36 hours...gallons of coffee...and have a great, signed, photo with VPOTUS Bush....I was just 21 years old." - (Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group)"


1980 January 6 (Italy)- The president of Sicily, Piersanti Mattarella, is killed by the Mafia.    (Wikipedia)

January 9 (Saudi Arabia)– In Saudi Arabia, 63 Muslim fanatics are beheaded for their part in the siege of the Great Mosque in Mecca in November, 1979.   (Wikipedia)

January 31 (Guatemala) – The Spanish Embassy in Guatemala is invaded and set on fire, killing 36 people. It is called "Spain's own Tehran", similar to the 1979–80 Iran American U.S. Embassy Hostages of Americans.
 (Wikipedia)
 Occupation of Spanish Embassy (OnWar)

February 4 (Iran)– Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini names Abolhassan Banisadr as president of Iran.   (Wikipedia)

February 23(Iran) – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.   (Wikipedia)

February 25 (Suriname)– A coup in Suriname ousts the government of Henck Arron; leaders Desi Bouterse and Roy Horb replace it with a National Military Council.   (Wikipedia)
 Suriname Military Coup (OnWar)

February 27 (Colombia) - M-19 guerrillas begin the Dominican embassy siege in Colombia, holding 60 people hostage, including 14 ambassadors.
April 27  The Dominican embassy siege ends with all hostages released and the guerrillas flying to Cuba.    (Wikipedia)

March 14  (Poland)– In Poland, a plane crashes during an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing a 14-man American boxing team and 73 others.   (Wikipedia)

March 4  (Zimbabwe)– Robert Mugabe is elected Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.   (Wikipedia)

March 24 (El Salvador) - Archbishop Óscar Romero is killed by gunmen while celebrating Mass in San Salvador. At his funeral 6 days later, 42 people are killed amid gunfire and bombs.   (Wikipedia)

April 7  (Iran)– The United States severs diplomatic relations with Iran and imposes economic sanctions, following the taking of American hostages on November 4, 1979.    (Wikipedia)

April 12 (Liberia) - Samuel Kanyon Doe takes over Liberia in a coup d'état, ending over 130 years of democratic presidential succession in that country.    (Wikipedia)
Liberia Coup   (OnWar)

April 18 – Zimbabwe gains independence from the United Kingdom; Robert Mugabe becomes Prime Minister.    (Wikipedia)

April 24 - (Iran) 3 Marines killed in Iran hostage rescue attempt during helecopter crash in desert. (Wikipedia)

April 30 -(Iran)  Iranian Embassy Siege: Six Iranian-born terrorists take over the Iranian embassy in London, UK. SAS retakes the Embassy on May 5; 1 terrorist survives.    (Wikipedia)

May 4 (Yugoslavia) – Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito dies. The funeral ceremony later becomes a large diplomatic meeting and media event, with more than 140 state delegations in Belgrade from all over the world (only the funeral of Pope John Paul II in April 2005 will have more news coverage and a higher number of delegations).    (Wikipedia)

May 17  (Peru)- Internal conflict in Peru: On the eve of presidential elections, Maoist guerrilla group Shining Path attacks a polling location in the town of Chuschi, Ayacucho.    (Wikipedia)
Shining Path Rebellion (OnWar)

May 26 - In South Korea, military government forces and pro-democracy protesters clash; 2,000 protesters die.   (Wikipedia)
 Kwangju Uprising (OnWar)

June 6 (Lebanon, Israel)- Israel invades Lebanon. Lebanon: 23 Jun - Marines land to evacuate civilians

June 25 – A Muslim Brotherhood assassination attempt against Syrian president Hafez al-Assad fails. Assad retaliates by sending the army against them.    (Wikipedia)

June 29 – Vigdis Finnbogadottir is elected president of Iceland, making her the first woman democratically elected as head of state.    (Wikipedia)

July 19 – Former Turkish Prime Minister Nihat Erim is killed by 2 gunmen in Istanbul, Turkey.    (Wikipedia)

July 19–August 3 – The 1980 Summer Olympics are held in Moscow, Soviet Union.    (Wikipedia)

July 27 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, deposed Shah of Iran, dies in Cairo.
   (Wikipedia)

August (Libya): Army Revolt (OnWar)

August 7–August 31 – Lech Wałęsa leads the first of many strikes at the Gdańsk Shipyard.
August 31 – Victory of the strike in Gdańsk Shipyard, Poland. Gdańsk Agreement is signed, opening a way to start the first in the communist block free organization not controlled by regime "Solidarność" i.e. Solidarity.    (Wikipedia)
Solidarity Movement (OnWar)

August 19 – In one of aviation's worst disasters, 301 people are killed when Saudia Flight 163 catches fire in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.   (Wikipedia)

September (Turkey): Military Coup (OnWar)

September 12 – Kenan Evren stages a military coup in Turkey. It stops political gang violence, but begins stronger state violence leading to the execution of many young activists.    (Wikipedia)

September 17: Former Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle is killed in Asunción, Paraguay.    (Wikipedia)

September 22 - The command council of Iraq orders its army to "deliver its fatal blow on Iranian military targets," initiating the Iran–Iraq War.   (Wikipedia)

October 10 - El Asnam, Algeria is destroyed by an earthquake, which claims more than 2,600 lives. After the quake, El Asnam is rebuilt and changes its name to the city of Chlef.    (Wikipedia)

November 23 - November 23Italy Earthquake of 1980: a magnitude 7 earthquake in southern Italy kills approximately 4,800 people and leaves 300,000 homeless.

December 18 /29 (Nigeria): Maitatsine Riots (OnWar)

(1980 - 1992  (El Salvador): Civil War (OnWar)

(1980 - 1990) Iran / Iraq: Iraq Invasion - War (OnWar)

Maldivies: Coup attempt (OnWar)


Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================

MSG Class 3-80


May 12 (SAN SALVADOR El Salvador)
 MSGs in San Salvador use tear gas to rescue U.S. ambassador from mob.


MSG Battallion
Major Stanford Assumes command of Company D

 


1979 IRAN HOSTAGE CRISIS (Wikipedia)
January 16 – Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran flees Iran with his family, relocating to Egypt after a year of turmoil.
February 1  - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile.
February 11 – Khomeini seizes power in Iran, overthrowing Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavi.
November 1Iran hostage crisis: Iranian Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini urges his people to demonstrate on November 4 and to expand attacks on United States and Israeli interests.
November 4 Iran hostage crisis begins: 3,000 Iranian radicals, mostly students, invade the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and take 90 hostages (53 of whom are American). They demand that the United States send the former Shah of Iran back to stand trial.
November 12 - Iran hostage crisis: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, U.S. President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all oil imports into the United States from Iran.
November 14Iran hostage crisis: U.S. President Jimmy Carter issues Executive Order 12170, freezing all Iranian assets in the United States and U.S. banks in response to the hostage crisis.
November 17 Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and African American hostages being held at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.


Iran Hostage Crisis - Part 1  
Iran Hostage Crisis - Part 2    Memories of Bruce Laingen (Charge' d'Affaires)  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)
Iran Hostage Crisis - Memories of Penelope Laingen (wife of Charge' d'Affaires

================
January 7 – Vietnam and Vietnam-backed Cambodian insurgents announce the fall of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and the collapse of the Pol Pot regime. Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge retreat west to an area along the Thai border. (Wikipedia)

SGT Garry Downey and SGT Kraus were wounded by Iranian guerillas during attacks on U.S. Embassy, Tehran, Iran, 11 and 14 Feb. 1979


February 12 (Chad) – Prime Minister Hissène Habré starts the Battle of N'Djamena in an attempt to overthrow Chad's President Félix Malloum. (Wikipedia)

February 14 (Afghanistan)- In Kabul, Muslim extremists kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs, who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police. (Wikipedia)

The Assassination of Ambassador Spike Dubs (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

February 17 (China, Vietnam)– The People's Republic of China invades northern Vietnam, launching the Sino-Vietnamese War. (Wikipedia)

February 22 (Sant Lucia, England)– Saint Lucia becomes independent of the United Kingdom. (Wikipedia)

March 29 (Malaysia) – Sultan Yahya Petra of Kelantan, the 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Head of State) of Malaysia, dies in office. He is replaced by Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang. (Wikipedia)

April 4 (Pakistan) former president Zulficar Ali Bhutto Executed for authorizing the killing of a political opponent - Memories of the DCM Peter Constable (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

April 11 (Tanzania, Uganda) – Tanzanian troops take Kampala, the capital of Uganda; Idi Amin flees. (Wikipedia)

April 15 (Albania) – 1979 Montenegro Earthquake: A major earthquake (7.0 on the Richter scale) strikes Montenegro (then part of Yugoslavia) and parts of Albania, causing extensive damage to coastal areas and taking 136 lives; the old town of Budva is devastated. (Wikipedia)

April 17 (Central African Rep)– Schoolchildren in the Central African Empire are arrested (and around 100 killed) for protesting against compulsory school uniforms. An African judicial commission later determines that Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa "almost certainly" took part in the massacre. (Wikipedia)

June 1 (Rhodisia)- The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power, in succession to Ian Smith and under his power-sharing deal.

June 2 (Poland, Vatican)– Pope John Paul II arrives in his native Poland on his first official, nine-day stay, becoming the first Pope to visit a Communist country. This visit, known as nine days that changed the world, brought about the solidarity of the Polish peoples against communism, ultimately leading to the rise of the Solidarity movement (Wikipedia)

June 4 (Ghana) - Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings takes power in Ghana after a military coup in which General Fred Akuffo is overthrown. (Wikipedia)

June 18 (USSR, Austria)– Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT II agreement in Vienna. (Wikipedia)

June 20 (Nicaragua)– A Nicaraguan National Guard soldier kills ABC TV news correspondent Bill Stewart and his interpreter Juan Espinosa. Other members of the news crew capture the killing on tape. (Wikipedia)

June 25 – Belgium: NATO Supreme Allied Commander Alexander Haig escapes an assassination attempt by the Baader-Meinhof terrorist organization. (Wikipedia)

July 3 (USSR, Afghanistan)– U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
(Wikipedia)

July 16 – Iraqi President Hasan al-Bakr resigns and Vice President Saddam Hussein replaces him. (Wikipedia)

July 17 (Nicaragua)– Nicaraguan dictator General Anastasio Somoza Debayle resigns and flees to Miami. (Wikipedia)
- July 19 - The Sandinista National Liberation Front concludes a successful revolutionary campaign against the U.S.-backed Somoza dictatorship and assumes power in Nicaragua. (Wikipedia)

August 3 (Equatorial Guinea) – Dictator Francisco Macías Nguema of Equatorial Guinea is overthrown in a bloody coup d'état lead by Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. (Wikipedia)

August 27 (England, Ireland) – Lord Mountbatten of Burma and 3 others are assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army. He was a British admiral, statesman and an uncle of The Duke of Edinburgh. On the same day, the Warrenpoint ambush occurs: Provisional Irish Republican Army members attack a British convoy at Narrow Water, County Down, killing 18 British soldiers. (Wikipedia)

September 20 (Central African Rep)– French paratroopers help David Dacko to overthrow Bokassa in the Central African Republic. (Wikipedia)

October 1 – Nigeria terminates military rule, and the Nigerian Second Republic is established. (Wikipedia)

October 16 (France) – A tsunami in Nice, France kills 23 people. (Wikipedia)

October 19 – 13 (Japan)  Marines die in a fire at Camp Fuji, Japan as a result of Typhoon Tip (Wikipedia)

October 26 (South Korea)  – Park Chung-hee, the President of South Korea, is assassinated by KCIA director Kim Jaegyu. (Wikipedia)

Leftist protesters attempted to storm U.S. Embassy, San Salvador, El Salvador, 30 Oct. 1979 wounding 2 Marines


November 20 (Saudi Arabia)  – Grand Mosque Seizure: A group of 200 Juhayman al-Otaybi militants occupy Mecca's Masjid al-Haram, the holiest place in Islam. They are driven out by French commandos (allowed into the city under these special circumstances despite their being non-Muslims) after bloody fighting that leaves 250 people dead and 600 wounded. (Wikipedia)

November 21 (Iran, Saudi Arabia) – After false radio reports from the Ayatollah Khomeini that the Americans had occupied the Grand Mosque in Mecca, the United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan is attacked by a mob and set afire, killing 4, disturbing Pakistan–United States relations.
(Wikipedia)

Marine Security Guard CPL Steven Crowley killed by sniper fire during attack by a mob on US Embassy, Islamabad, Pakistan, 21 Nov. 1979

December 12 (Colombia) - A major earthquake and tsunami kills 259 people in Colombia. (Wikipedia)

December 12 (South Korea) - Coup d'état of December Twelfth: South Korean Army Major General Chun Doo-hwan orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong Seung-hwa without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the assassination of ex-President Park Chung Hee. (Wikipedia)

December 24 (USSR, Afghanistan) - The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan, and Babrak Karmal replaces overthrown and executed President Hafizullah Amin which begins the war. (Wikipedia)



Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
 - email us:  history@msg-history.com

============================================

February 14  (SAN SALVADOR El Salvador)
SGT Garry Downey & SGT Kraus wounded by guerillas during attacks
Marine security guards injured  when leftist protesters attempted
to storm U.S. Embassy, San Salvador,


November 4 (Islamabad, Pakistan)
Chronology of the 1979 Attack on US Embassy in Islamabad,
resulting in the loss of Cpl Steven J. Crowley


US Embassy taken over by mob (4Nov)
Cpl. Steven J. Crowley KIA Mob burns embassy as seven Marines defend building



Future SgtMaj of the Marine Corps Alford L. McMichael arrives on post at US Embassy Copenhagen

The Marine Corps assigns women as embassy guards.
US Ambassador / former Marine (WW2) Adolph Dubs kidnapped and murdered in Afghanistan

1978 January 10 (Nicaragua)– Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, a critic of the Nicaraguan government, is assassinated. Riots erupt against Somoza's government. (Wikipedia)

February 6 (Burma Mayanmar)– King Dragon operation in Arakan: Burmese General Ne Win targets Muslim minorities in the village of Sakkipara. (Wikipedia)


February 19 (Egypt)– Egyptian raid on Larnaca International Airport (Wikipedia)

March 3 -(Rhodesia, Zambia)  Rhodesia attacks Zambia. (Wikipedia)


March 15 – Somalia and Ethiopia signed a truce to end the Ethiopian-Somali War. (Wikipedia)


March 18 (Pakistan)- Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan, is sentenced to death by hanging for ordering the assassination of a political opponent. (Wikipedia)

April 7 Marine security guard was wounded in Kabul, Afghanistan

April 9 (Somalia)– Somali military officers stage an unsuccessful coup against the government of Siad Barre; security forces thwart the attempt within hours, and several conspirators are arrested. (Wikipedia)


April 14 (Georgia, USSR) – 1978 Tbilisi Demonstrations: Thousands of Georgians demonstrate against an attempt by Soviet authorities to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language. (Wikipedia)


April 27 – Afghanistan President Daoud Khan is killed during a military coup; Nur Mohammed Taraki succeeds him. (Wikipedia)
April 30 – The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan is proclaimed under pro-communist leader Nur Mohammed Taraki. (Wikipedia)


May 15 – (Iran) Students of the University of Tehran riot in Tabriz; the army stops the riot. (Wikipedia)

May 19 – May 20 (Ziare)  – French Foreign Legion paratroopers land in Kolwezi, Zaire, to rescue Europeans in the middle of a civil war. (Wikipedia)


May 22 (Comoros) – Exiled leaders Ahmed Abdallah and Mohammed Ahmed return to the Comoros. (Wikipedia)

- May 29 – Ali Soilih is found dead in the Comoros, allegedly shot when trying to escape. (Wikipedia)


June 15 (Jordan) – King Hussein of Jordan marries 26-year-old Lisa Halaby, who takes the name Queen Noor. (Wikipedia)

June 24  (Yemen)- Yemen Arab Republic President Ahmad al-Ghashmi is killed. (Wikipedia)

June 30 (Ethiopia, Eritrea) – Ethiopia begins a massive offensive in Eritrea. (Wikipedia)

July 7 – The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom. (Wikipedia)

August 22 (Niciragua)– Sandinistas seize Nicaraguan National Palace.
(Wikipedia)

August 26 (Vatican)– Pope John Paul I succeeds Pope Paul VI as the 263rd Pope. (Wikipedia)

September 8 (Iran) – Iranian Army troops open fire on rioters in Teheran, killing 122, wounding 4,000. (Wikipedia)

September 16 (Pakistan)– General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq officially assumes the post of President of Pakistan.

September 17 – The Camp David Accords are signed between Israel and Egypt.

September 28 – Pope John Paul I dies after only 33 days of papacy.
- October 16 – Pope John Paul II succeeds Pope John Paul I as the 264th pope, resulting in the first Year of Three Popes since 1605. He is the first Polish pope in history, and the first non-Italian pope since Pope Adrian VI (1522–1523). (Wikipedia)

October 1 - Vietnam attacks Cambodia. (Wikipedia)

October 1 (Tuvala)- Tuvalu becomes independent from the United Kingdom. (Wikipedia)

Marine security guard was wounded in Beirut, Lebanon, Oct. 6, 1978


November 3 (Dominican Republic)  - Dominica gains its independence from the United Kingdom. (Wikipedia)

November 5 (Iran) – Rioters sack the British Embassy in Tehran. (Wikipedia)

November 18 (Guyana) – Jonestown incident: In Guyana, Jim Jones leads his Peoples Temple cult in a mass murder-suicide that claims 918 lives in all, 909 of them at Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Congressman Leo J. Ryan is assassinated by members of Peoples Temple shortly beforehand. (Wikipedia)

The Jonestown Massacre - Memories of Richard Dwyer (DCM) (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)


December 11 (Iran)- Two million demonstrate against the Shah in Iran. (Wikipedia)

December 22 - Argentina started the Operation Soberanía against Chile. (Wikipedia)

December 25 (Vietnam, Cambodia) – Vietnam launches a major offensive against the Khmer Rouge of Cambodia. (Wikipedia)

December 27 – The Constitution of Spain is approved in a referendum, officially ending 40 years of military dictatorship. (Wikipedia)

Marines - Share your memories of events from your post
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============================================

April 18 -( PARIS, France)
Sgt Bobby Romero KIA  Embassy Fire

August 07 - (
KABUL, Afghanistan)
- MSG Wounded

October 06 -  (
BEIRUT , Lebenon)
- MSG Wounded

Glen Davis:  (
BUCHAREST, Romania)
"Bucharest Marines, 1978. Not much to do but PT, work and be the focal point for the people of the free world. The non-frat policy sucked!"

Jack McGarry - (
PANAMA CITY , Panama)
 Marine House Staff: Barbara Johnson, Suzzana
Canal Zone Talks  Resulting in the Panama Canal Treaty signed by President Carter and General Omar Torejos.  Marines provided Security for Ambassadors Baker and Linowitz at Contadora Island agmented by Company D MSGs TAD from Dets in South America)

1977 VIETNAM WAR
July 2 North Vietnam and South Vietnam unite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. (Wikipedia)

January 10 (Ziare)  - Mount Nyiragongo erupts in eastern Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo). (Wikipedia)

January 24 – (Spain) The Massacre of Atocha occurs during the Spanish transition to democracy. (Wikipedia)

March 4 – (Romania) The 1977 Bucharest Earthquake kills 1,500. (Wikipedia)

April 27 (Guatemala)– The Guatemala City air disaster kills 28 people. (Wikipedia)

May 1 (Turkey)– The Taksim Square massacre in Istanbul results in 34 deaths, hundreds of injuries. (Wikipedia)

June 5 - (Seychelles) A bloodless coup installs France Albert Rene as President of the Seychelles. (Wikipedia)

June 6 – 9 (England) – Jubilee celebrations are held in the United Kingdom to celebrate 25 years of Elizabeth II's reign (Wikipedia)

June 30 - The Women Marines are disbanded, and the women are integrated into regular Marine Corps. (Wikipedia)

July 5 – (Pakistan) General Mohammed Zia ul-Haq overthrows Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. (Wikipedia)

July 13 – Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, starting the Ethiopian-Somali War. (Wikipedia)

July 21 (Turkey)– Süleyman Demirel, of AP forms the new government of Turkey (41st government a three-party coalition, so-called second national front (Turkish: Milliyetçi cephe)) (Wikipedia)

November 2  (Greece)– The worst storm in Athens' modern history causes havoc across the Greek capital and kills 38 people. (Wikipedia)

November 19 (Egypt)  - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to make an official visit to Israel, when he meets with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, seeking a permanent peace settlement. (Wikipedia)

December 4 (Central African Rep) - Jean-Bédel Bokassa, president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor. (Wikipedia)

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1976 January 29 – Twelve Provisional Irish Republican Army bombs explode in the West End of London.

February 4 - In Guatemala and Honduras an earthquake kills more than 2
2,000.

February 13 – General Murtala Mohammed of Nigeria is assassinated in a military coup.

February 26 – The Spanish Armed Forces withdraw from Western Sahara.

April 2 – Norodom Sihanouk is forced to resign as Head of State of Kampuchea by the Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot and is placed under house arrest.

June 7 - Palestinian extremists hijack an Air France plane in Greece with 246 passengers and 12 crew. They take it to Entebbe, Uganda.
(July 4)- Entebbe Raid: Israeli airborne commandos free 103 hostages being held by Palestinian hijackers of an Air France plane at Uganda's Entebbe Airport; 1 Israeli soldier and several Ugandan soldiers are killed in the raid.

June 16 - Ambassador Frank Meloy and Economic Counselor Robert Waring  and driver assassinated.
"A Completely Lawless Place – Beirut and the Assassination of Ambassador Meloy and Robert Waring"  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

June 29Seychelles gains independence from the United Kingdom

July 27 - The 1976 Summer Olympics begin in Montreal, Canada.

July 21 – A bomb kills Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British ambassador to the Irish Republic

August 1(T - The Caribbean nation of Trinidad and Tobago becomes a republic, replacing Elizabeth II with a President as its head of state.



August 18  Korea) – At Panmunjom, North Korea, 2 United States soldiers are killed while trying to chop down part of a tree in the Korean Demilitarized Zone which had obscured their view.

August 26 - The first known outbreak of Ebola virus occurs in Yambuku, Zaire.

October 22 (Ireland) – Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh, the 5th President of Ireland, resigns after being publicly insulted by the Minister for Defense.

November 24 (Turkey) – At least 3,840 are killed in a Richter scale magnitude 7.3 earthquake of Van and Muradiye in Turkey.




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MSGBn Commanding Officer: Col H. M. Koppenhaver

Company D / MSGDETs Support Panama Canal Zone Talks

 


1975 VIETNAM WAR

-January 20 - In Hanoi, North Vietnam, the Politburo approves the final military offensive against South Vietnam. (IWikipedia)
-March 10 - Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Me Thuot, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon. (Wikipedia)
-April 30 – Vietnam War: The Fall of Saigon: The Vietnam War ends as Communist forces from North Vietnam take Saigon, resulting in mass evacuations of Americans and South Vietnamese. As the capital is taken, South Vietnam surrenders unconditionally. (Wikipedia)
April 30
 - 4th Marines under Gen Alfred M. Gray (29th Commandant) complete helicopter operation evacuating personel from embassy and Tan Son Nhut airfield. (USMC History)
July 2
 - North and South Viet Nam united as Socialist Republic of Viet Nam with capital at Hanoi.
(USMC History)
==================


January 1 (Malayzia)- Malawi changes its capital city from Zomba to Lilongwe. (Wikipedia)

January 2 - Bangladesh revolutionary leader Siraj Sikder was killed by country's president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman(Wikipedia)

January 29 – The Weather Underground bombs the U.S. State Department main office in Washington, D.C..(Wikipedia)

February 11 - (Madagascar) Colonel Richard Ratsimandrava, President of Madagascar, is assassinated. (Wikipedia)

February 13 - (Cyprus, Turkey)  A "Turkish Federated State of North Cyprus" is declared as an unsuccessful first step to international recognition of a Turkish Cypriot separatist state in Cyprus. (Wikipedia)

February 28 (England)  - A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.(Wikipedia)

March 11 – (Portugal) The leftist military government in Portugal defeats a rightist coup attempt. (Wikipedia)

March 25 (Saudi Arabia) – King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by his nephew; the killer is beheaded on June 18. (King Khalid succeeds Faisal.) (Wikipedia)

March 31 (Turkey)- Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (39th government, a four-party coalition, so-called First National Front (Turkish: Milliyetçi cephe)) (Wikipedia)

April 12 (Cambodia) Fall of Phnom Penh (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

April 13  (Chad)- A coup d'état in Chad led by the military overthrows and kills President François Tombalbaye. (Wikipedia)

April 17 –(Laos) The Khmer Republic surrenders, ending the Cambodian Civil War. The Communist Khmer Rouge guerilla forces capture Phnom Penh, prompting a forcible mass evacuation of the city and starting the genocide.
(Wikipedia)

April 24 – Six Red Army Faction terrorists take over the West German embassy in Stockholm, take 11 hostages and demand the release of the group's jailed members; shortly after, they are captured by Swedish police. (See West German embassy siege) (Wikipedia)

April 29 - (South Vietnam) ConGen Terry McNamara  and NCOIC Sgt. Steve Hasty (former MSG Bn Commanding Officer)  evacuate Can Tho (Part 1)
evacuation - Part 2   (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

April 30 - (South Vietnam)  Fall of Saigon   (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

4th Marines under Col. Alfred M. Gray, completed evacuation by helicopters from U.S. Embassy and Tan Son Nhut airfield.

May 12 –(Cambodia)  Mayaguez incident: Khmer Rouge forces in Cambodia seize the United States merchant ship SS Mayaguez in international waters. (Wikipedia)

June 5 - The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War. (Wikipedia)

June 25 - Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency in India, suspending civil liberties and elections.(Wikipedia)

June 25 - Mozambique gains independence from Portugal. (Wikipedia)

July 5Cape Verde gains independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule. (Wikipedia)

July 6 - The Comoros declare their independence from France. (Wikipedia)

July 12 – São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal. (Wikipedia)

August 8 - The Banqiao Dam, in China's Henan Province, fails after a freak typhoon; over 200,000 people perish. (Wikipedia)

August 11 - Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese East Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a UDT coup and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin. (Wikipedia)

September–October – In New Zealand, Māori leader Whina Cooper leads a march 5,000 people in support of Maori claims to their land. (Wikipedia)

September 16 – Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia. (Wikipedia)

September 19 – General Vasco Goncalves is ousted as Prime Minister of Portugal. (Wikipedia)

September 20 – The term of Tuanku Al-Mutassimu Billahi Muhibbudin Sultan Abdul Halim Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah, as the 5th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, ends. (Wikipedia)

September 21 – Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Petra, Sultan of Kelantan, becomes the 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
(Wikiipedia)

October 9 – A bomb explosion outside the Green Park tube station near Piccadilly in London kills 1 and injures 20.
(Wikipedia)

November 11 - Angola becomes independent from Portugal; civil war soon erupts.
(Wikipedia)

November 22 – Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of dictator Francisco Franco. (Wikipedia)

November 25 - Suriname gains independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands. (Wikipedia)

November 28 – Portuguese Timor declares its independence from Portugal as East Timor.(Wikipedia)

December 2 – In Laos, the communist party of the Pathet Lao takes over Vientiane and defeat the Kingdom of Laos which ends the Laotian Civil War but the ongoing Insurgency in Laos begins with the Pathet Lao fighting the Hmongs, Royalist-in-exile and the Right-wings. (Wikipedia)

December 7 – Indonesia invades East Timor. (Wikipedia)

The Spanish army quits Spanish (Western) Sahara, the last remnant of Spain's Empire. The Sahrawi Republic (RASD) is created. Morocco invades ex-Spanish Western Sahara. (Wikipedia)

The last Japanese soldiers, who took to the jungle following Japan's surrender in 1945, come out of hiding and turn themselves in. (Wikipedia)


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In Memoriam:  Cpl Charles McMahon Jr (SAIGON, Vietnam)
In Memoriam: LCpl Darwin L. Judge  (SAIGON, Vietnam)
KIA providing security for Defense Attache Office, at Tan Son Nhut Airport (29Apr)

Leatherneck Article: The Last Casualties (LCpl Judge / Cpl McMahon)

Leatherneck Article: Fall of Saigon

MSG PPSU Saigon - Protecting Ambassador Martin during Fall of Saigon




1974 VIETNAM WAR

=============
August 8 - President Nixon resigns office, Lyndon Johnson becomes President.

August 19 (Cyprus): Marines defend U.S. embassy in Nicosia, Cyprus against mob. U.S. Ambassador Roger Davies Killed by sniper (Wikipedia)

Ethiopia:
Civil War Begins

Iraq: Kurdish Revolt Begins

Portugal: bloodless coup

Madagascar: Military Coup Attempt


Washington:
8 Aug - President Nixon resigns; President Ford pardons him.

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U.S. Ambassador to Cyprus Rodger P. Davies and his Greek Cypriot secretary were shot and killed by snipers during a demonstration outside the U.S. Embassy in Nicosia
19 Aug - Marines defend embassy in Nicosia, Cyprus, after mob kills U.S. ambassador



1973 VIETNAM WAR

==================
March 1 (Sudan) US Ambassador Cleo Noel  & DCM George Moore kidnapped and killed - memoirs of DCM replacement Robert Frits (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

Syria:
Demonstrations


Lebanon:
Israeli Raid on Beirut

Afghanistan:
Republican Coup Rwanda: Coup
Chile - Military Dictatorship begins

Greece:
Military Coup

Pakastan:
Balochisten Insergency begins 01MAR SUDAN:
U.S.Ambassador to Sudan Cleo A. Noel and other diplomats were assassinated at the Saudi Arabian Embassy in Khartoum by members of the Black September organization.

MEXICO May 4 - U.S. Consul General in Guadalajara Terrence Leonhardy was kidnapped by members of the People’s Revolutionary Armed Forces

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Marty Crane (1982):
 pre-fabbed modular Marine House set-up put up after the original one got demolished in the '72 earthquake. It was only meant to be up one year, but was up ten by the time I got there. Real informal and we stood post in Utilities for the most part. Even though the political situation was pretty crazy at the time I had a great time and made a lot of friends locally.

1972 VIETNAM WAR

===========

February 22 (China) - Nixon visit  to China
Interpreter who said "No" to President Nixon  
(Association of Diplomatic Training and Studies)

May 30 (Israel) Japanese Red Army attack at Lod Airport (Ben Gurion)


Phillippines:
Moro Rebellion begins
When Marine Security Guard, Sidney T James, was wounded during an attack by a radical communist group in the Philippines, at the U.S. Embassy, Manila, Philippines,


Madagascar: Student Unrest

Ecuador: Military Coup

Burundi: Tutsi Genocide

Colombia: M19 Terrorist Group Begins activities

El Salvador: Coup Attempt

Lithuania: Rebellion

July 21 (Ireland):An Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb attacks killed eleven people and injure 130 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Ten days later, three IRA car bomb attacks in the village of Claudy left six dead. WEST GERMANY: Sept 5 - PLO Massacre of Athletes at Olympics Eight Palestinian "Black September" terrorists seized eleven Israeli athletes in the Olympic Village in Munich, West Germany. In a bungled rescue attempt by West German authorities, nine of the hostages and five terrorists were killed.

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Marine Security Guard Sidney T. James wounded during an attack
by a radical communist group

MANAGUA, Nicaragua
MSG Norm Root awarded Navy USMC Medal for Heroism after earthquake in Managua


1971 VIETNAM WAR

January 25 - Last Marine ground troops departed South Vietnam leaving only a token force at the U.S. Embassy
==========
April 30 (Cambodia) President Nixon secretly orders troops into Cambodia.


3 Marine Security Guards were killed and 1 was wounded during a Terrorist attack on a US Embassy softball game, Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Sept. 26, 1971).


Bolivia: Rightist Revolt Ceylon: PLF Rebellion
India / Pakastan: Border War
Egypt: Corrective Revolution
Madagascar: Monima Revolt

Thailand: Coup Rhodesia: Civil War Begins

Vietnam: 25 Jun - Last Marine ground troops leave.

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In Memoriam:  Sgt Charles W. Tuberville (PHNOM PENH  , Cambodia)

killed and other Marine Security Guards were wounded during a terrorist attack on the U.S. Embassy softball game in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

SOFIA, Bulgaria
MSGDet Sofia supports SALT II Talks

1970 VIETNAM WAR

==============

Phillippines: - NPA Rebellion Begins

Jordan: Black September Terrorist Campaign / Jordan

Cambodia:Civil War Begins 30 Apr - President Nixon orders troops into Cambodia. Ivory Coast: Bete Rebellion - Ivory Coast


Syria: - Military Coup

Syria: - Terrorism Sponsor 1970-86

Iran: supported coup in Iraq fails


Poland: Revolt in Poland

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============================================

MSG Class 1-70
MSG Class 2-70
MSG Class 3-70
MSG Class 4-70
MSG Class 5-70
MSG Class 6-70
 

1969 VIETNAM WAR

=================
September  3 - (RIO de JANEIRO , Brazil)
US Ambassador Charles Burke Elbrick was kidnapped by the Marxist revolutionary group MR-8. (Wikipedia)
Charles Elbrick kidnapped and held for 4 days (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

El Salvador - Honduras: Border War

China / USSR: Border Clash

Panama: Coup#1 / Coup#2

Sudan: Military Coup

Libya: Military Coup

Romania - Ambassador Harry Barnes - Memories of being  bugged from the heals of his shoes...(Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

Middle East: War of Attrition

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MSG Bn Commanding Officer: LtCol Tom D Parsons MSG Class 1-69
MSG Class 3-69
MSG Class 4-69
MSG Class 5-69
MSG Class 6-69

 

JAPAN: July 30 U.S. Ambassador to Japan A.H. Meyer was attacked by a knife-wielding Japanese citizen



1968 VIETNAM WAR
January 20  Battle of Khe Sanh  -North Vietnamese opened battle against 26th Marines for Khe Sanh. (Wikipedia)

January 31 - Tet offensive begins  (Wikipedia)
VC Assault on US Embassy (History.net)

July 5 - After an unsuccessful attempt at baiting the North Vietnamese (using Marines as bait), U.S. gave up Khe Sanh base because of ongoing communist shelling. Marines withdraw from Khe Sanh base.

===============
January 21 - 23 (South Korea): 
USS Pueblo, captured
Attempted Assassination of South Korean President by North Korean commandos / USS Pueblo and crew captured / held hostage (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

August 20 USSR Invades Czechoslovakia - World Ice Hockey between USSR & Czechoslovakia in Stockholm (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

Panama: Military Coup

Peru: Military Coup Iraq: Ba'ath Party Coup

Mali:
Military Coup


Yemen: Civil War



July 16-23 Jul Izmir, Turkey
19 Sailors from USS Columbus & other ships in fleet wounded during anti-American riots

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MSG Bn Commanding Officer: LtCol Nate. L. Adams

January 31 (
SAIGON , Vietnam)
In Memoriam:
Cpl James C. Marshall

August 28 GUATEMALA CITY, Guatemala
U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala John Gordon Mein was murdered by a rebel faction when gunmen forced his official car off the road in Guatemala City and raked the vehicle with gunfire

1966 VIETNAM WAR

=================
Janaury 17 (Spain) B52 collides with refueling tanker carrying  4 Hydrogen Bombs   (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

June (Libya) Attack on US Compound in Banghazi - Memories of Martin Bormann (OIC)  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)


(Spain)   Memories of former Ambassador Alexander Watson from his days as a consular officer in Madrid  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

Central African Rep: Coup  (Wikipedia)
Ghana: Coup  (Wikipedia)

Nigeria: Coup  (Wikipedia)

Namibia: War of Independence  (Wikipedia)

Dominican Republic: 28 Apr - 6th Marines land in the Dominican Republic.

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MSG Class 3-66
MSG Class 4-66
MSG Class 5-66
MSG Class 6-66
 


1965 VIETNAM WAR


March 8 - 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade lands at Da Nang

========
April 8 (Dominican Republic)  6th Marines landed  - US Occupation of Dominican Republic - Wikipedia

India /
Pakastan: 2nd Kashmir War

Bolivia: Workers Uprising

Chad: Rebellion

Congo: Coup

Dominican Republic: Civil War South Vietnam: Military Coup



South Yemen: Civil Unrest

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MSG Bn Commanding Officer: LtCol Forest J. Hunt

MSG Class 1965
MSG Class 7-65

1964 VIETNAM WAR
Vietnam: War Begins - Gulf of Tonkin Incident
=================
November 24 (Congo) Commercial Officer Michael Hoyt his staff and 320 hostages rescued (held for 111 days  - Operation Dragon Rouge (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training) -

Zanzibar: Military Coup  

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 BRUSSELS, Belgium 
Operation Flagpole
MSG's involved in Belgian paratrooper rescue operation "Red Dragon".

MSG Class 2-64

1963 November 2 (Vietnam)  - Coup topples President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Viet Nam.

November 22 - President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. (Wikipedia)

1963 - (Honduras, Guatemala, England) : Border Clash with Guatemala   (On War.com)


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MSG Bn Commanding Officer: LtCol Michael J. Dunbar

1962

October 14 (USSR, Cuba) Missiles of October (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

Argentina: Rebels sieze Government

Burma: Military Coup

Guatemala: Student Riots

Cuba:US/Soviet Missle Crisis

Vietnam:
15 Apr - Marine helicopter squadron (HMM-362) arrives in Mekong Delta of South Viet Nam

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MSG Bn Commanding Officer: LtCol Robert C. Carlock MSG Class 3-62

1961 May 30, (Dominican Republic)  President Horacio Vasquez "El Jefe"  Assasinated (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

Angola: War of Independance begins

Cuba: Bay of Pigs Crisis    Invasion Abandoned   (Wikipedia)
William T. Pryce details the meetings that occurred before the invasion,  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)


Germany: Berlin Wall Crisis

Ecuador: Coup

Guatemala: Civil War begins 61-96

Laos: Civil War

Nepal: Rebellion

Nigeria: Civil War

Nicaragua: Sadinista insurgency begins 61-78

South Korea: Military Coup

El Salvador: Military Coup

Iraq: Kurd revolt

Vietnam - Assassination of President Ngo Dinh Diem - President Kennedy orders 400 Special Forces troops to Vietnam

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Ambassador Gullion took half of MSG Det to secret meeting at Kitona Air Base (Congo). Amb Gullion Met with Katanaga Premier M. Tshombe and Central Government's PM Adoula. MSG's tasked as body Guards for Tshombee Former MSG -Larry Bell's Mercenary Congo Website  


1960 1960 - (Congo - Dem Rep) Ambassador McNamara's wife gives birth during civil war

April 26 (South  Korea ) -The fall of President Rhee (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

May 1 (USSR) U-2 Pilot Francis Gary Powers shot down  (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

Guatemala: Army Revolt

France: Border clashes with Morocco

China: Border clash with India over Himalayas

Kuwait: British stop attempt by Iraq to annex Kuwait

Congo: Civil War / Military Coup

Laos: Military Coup

Ethiopia / Samalia: Border Clashes

Ethiopia: Military Coup defeated

Algeria: French Army Coup fails

Salvador: Military Coup

South Africa: Sharpville Massacre - gov forces kill 67 demonstrators

South Vietnam Military Coup Defeated

Albania: Conflict with Soviet Union

Korea: Students Revolution

Nicaragua: Gov deteats rebel invasion from Costa Rica

Soviet Union: U2 Plane shot down, Pilot imprisoned as spy

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MSG Bn Commanding Officer: LtCol Eugene H. Haffey

1959 (Dominican Republic) Memories of Ambassador Joseph Farland of "El Chefe" - dictator Rafael Trujillo

Ceylon: Prime Minister Assasinated

Rwanda: Revolution / Independance

Guatemala: Rebellion begins (59-74)

Iraq: Pan Arab revolt

January 16 (Cuba) - Military Coup, Fidel Castro overthrows dictator Fulgencio Batista.

Laos: Pathet Lao insurgency

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MSG Class 1959

1958 May  8 (Indonesia) : Indonesia captures downed CIA Pilot  Allen Pope (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

May 15 (Venezuela) VP Nixon Attacked during demonstrations (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

Burma: Coup

Colombia:Civil War
Algeria: French officers revolt

Iraq: Military Coup

Lebenon: Civil War
15 Jul - 2d Marines land near Beirut and seize airport at Lebanese government's request Sudan: Military Coup

Thailand: Border clash with Cambodia

Venezuela: Military Coup

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1957

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6 RMO/742 MSG
*MSG count reduced
.

May 24  (
TAIPEI , Taiwan)
Riot at US Embassy - MSG Injured 


Bernie Eveler  - (
ISTANBUL, Turkey)
EMBASSY DUTY IN ISTANBUL, 1956 - 1958
 View from the top deck of the Consulate building. Looking across the Golden Horn you could see the districts of Fatih and Sultanahmet in "Old" Istanbul, containing the mosques and churches of the Byzantine and Ottoman eras of Constantinople which was renamed Istanbul in 1930. The Consulate was located in the Beyoŭlu district of the "New" Istanbul. What a wonderful experience for a very young farm boy from Pennsylvania. I'm out of decent photos so this will probably be my last posting. Semper Fi Marines.

1956

VIETNAM WAR
October 26  Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam to be a republic with himself as its President (following the State of Vietnam referendum on October 23 and forms the Army of the Republic of Vietnam.

November 1  The Vietnam War begins between the South Vietnam Army and the North Vietnam Army in which the latter is allied with the Viet Cong.

======================

January 2 – José Antonio Remón Cantera, president of Panama, is assassinated at a race track in Panama City.(Wikipedia)

January 3 – José Ramón Guizado becomes president of Panama.(Wikipedia)

January 18–January 20 – Battle of Yijiangshan Islands: The Chinese Communist People's Liberation Army seizes the islands from the Republic of China (Taiwan).

January 25 – Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union announces the end of the war between the USSR and Germany, which began during World War II in 1941.(Wikipedia)

February 10 – Seventh Fleet of the United States Navy helps the Republic of China evacuate Chinese Nationalist army and residents from the Tachen Islands to Taiwan.

April 11 – The Taiwanese Kuomintang put a time-bomb on the airplane Kashmir Princess, killing 16 but failing to assassinate the People's Republic of China leader, Zhou Enlai.

April 16 – Burma-Japanese peace treaty, signed in Rangoon on November 5, 1954, comes into effect, formally ending a state of war between the two countries that has not existed for a long time.

May 5 – West Germany becomes a sovereign country recognized by important Western foreign countries, such as France, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States.

May 11 – Japanese National Railways' ferry Shiun Maru sinks after collision with sister ship Uko Maru in thick fog off Takamatsu, Shikoku, in the Seto Inland Sea of Japan; 166 passengers (many children) and two crew are killed. This event is influential in plans to construct the Akashi-Kaikyō Bridge (built 1986-98).

May 14 – Eight Communist Bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defence treaty in Warsaw, Poland, that is called the Warsaw Pact.(Wikipedia)

July 18 (Switzerland) The first Geneva Summit meeting between the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France begins. It ends on July 23.(Wikipedia)

August 20 – Hundreds of people are killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.(Wikipedia)

August 25 – The last Soviet Army occupation forces leave Austria.(Wikipedia)

September 19–September 21 – The President of Argentina, Juan Peron, is ousted in a military coup.(Wikipedia)

September 19 – Hurricane Hilda kills about 200 people in Mexico. (Wikipedia)

October 29 – Soviet battleship Novorossiysk explodes at moorings in Sevastopol Bay, killing 608, the Soviet Union's worst naval disaster.(Wikipedia)

December (Italy) Ambassador Clare Booth Luce poisoned with arsinic from lead paint - resignes  (Later becomes Ambassador to Brazil (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

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MSG Battalion Commanding Officer: LtCol R. E. Roach
Reg #2 CO: Capt Forest J. Hunt

(CAIRO & ALEXANDRIA , Egypt)
MSGs helpto evacuate 1300 Americans from Cairo, Alexandria and Port Said. Due to the war Region #2 headquarters relocated from Cairo to Beirut.

6 RMO 850 MSG's

84th Congress repealed Section 562 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946 and adopted Public Law 1028 (70-A Statutes-at-Large 374).
Legal basis for the Marine security Guard Program.:Title 10 USC 5983,

“Handbook for Marine Security Guards” published

MSGs provide security for the American delegation to the 10th Anniversary Conference of the United Nations at San Francisco,

January 7  ( JERUSALEM, Israel)
 - Marine Security Guard fights off mob at consulate in East Jerusalem.

Bernie Eveler (From Facebook Marine Embassy Guard Group)
Istanbul MSG bar was on the top deck of AmerCon, Istanbul, and part of our quarters. Had a wetting down party for new SSgt. Brooks our NCOIC (wasn't called DetCmdr back then)

1955 VIETNAM WAR (Wikipedia)

January 2 – José Antonio Remón Cantera, president of Panama, is assassinated at a race track in Panama City
January 3 – José Ramón Guizado becomes president of Panama.

January 18–January 20 – Battle of Yijiangshan Islands: The Chinese Communist People's Liberation Army seizes the islands from the Republic of China (Taiwan).

 
South Vietnam: Gov quels budist rebellion (OnWar)

May 12 (Singapore): Riots as communist attempt to take government - "Black Thursday" (OnWar)

August 31 (Argentina)  Military Revolt (OnWar)

Niciragua: Somoza Assasinated

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USMC to DOS: New Draft Agreement in 1953 which was not acceptable to the Department of Defense,  returned, revised but unsigned.

,“1955 Memorandum of Agreement between the Department of Defense and Department of State”,  Signed: SecDEFCharles E. Wilson, SecDOS John Foster Dulles

1954 VIETNAM WAR (Wikipedia)
In South Vietnam the Viet Minh is reorganised into the Viet Cong.
- March 13 – French  begin  battle against  Viet Minh in Dien Bien Phu.
- March 23 – In Vietnam, the Viet Minh capture the main airstrip of Dien Bien Phu. The remaining French Army units there are partially isolated.
- March 29 – A C-47 transport with the French nurse Geneviève de Galard on board is wrecked on the runway at Dien Bien Phu.
- May 7The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat (the battle began on March 13).
-July 21 – The Geneva Conference sends French forces to the south, and Vietnamese forces to the north, of a ceasefire line, and calls for elections to decide the government for all of Vietnam by July 1956. Failure to abide by the terms of the agreement leads to the establishment de facto of regimes of North Vietnam and South Vietnam, and the Vietnam War.
January 12  (Austria)– Avalanches in Austria kill more than 200. (Wikipedia)
- August 1 - The First Indochina War ends with the Vietnam People's Army in North Vietnam, the Vietnamese National Army in South Vietnam, the Kingdom of Cambodia in Cambodia and the Kingdom of Laos in Laos emerging victorious against the French Army.
- October 11  The Viet Minh takes control of North Vietnam.

February 25 – (Egypt) Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes premier of Egypt. (Wikipedia)

March 1 (Washington)  U.S. Capitol shooting incident: Four Puerto Rican nationalists open fire in the United States House of Representatives chamber and wound five; they were apprehended by security guards. (Wikipedia)

March 12 – (Finland, Germany)  Finland and Germany officially end their state of war. (Wikipedia)

April 3 (USSR, Australia)– Vladimir Petrov defects from the Soviet Union and asks for political asylum in Australia. (Wikipedia)

April 26 (Switzerland)– International conference on Korea and Indo-China opens in Geneva. (Wikipedia)

May 4 (Paraguay) General Alfredo Stroessner seizes power in a coup d'état in Paraguay. (Wikipedia)

May 26 – A fire on board the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Bennington off Narragansett Bay, Massachusetts, kills 103 sailors. (Wikipedia)

June 17 (Guatemala) – A CIA-engineered military coup occurs in Guatemala.  President Jacobo Árbenz steps down in a CIA-sponsored military coup,   civil war  continues for more than 35 years. (Wikipedia)
Revolution (OnWar)

June 18 –(France)  Pierre Mendès-France becomes prime minister of France. (Wikipedia)

August 15 (Paraguay): Coup  (OnWar)

August 24 (Brazil) – Brazilian president Getúlio Vargas commits suicide after being accused of involvement in a conspiracy to murder his chief political opponent, Carlos Lacerda.  (Wikipedia)

 September 9 – (Algeria) An earthquake centered on the city of Orléansville, Algeria kills 1,500 and leaves thousands homeless.  (Wikipedia)

 September 26 – (Japan) The Japanese ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait. More than 1,100 people are killed. Seven other ships are wrecked and at least nine others seriously damaged.  (Wikipedia)

October 26  (Egypt) – Muslim Brotherhood member Mahmoud Abdul Latif tries to kill Gamal Abdel Nasser.  (Wikipedia)
-November 14 – Egyptian president Mohammed Naguib is deposed, and Gamal Abdel Nasser replaces him.

October 31 (Algiers, France)  – Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
- November 1 – The FLN attacks representative and public buildings of the French colonial power.
-November 1 War of Independence (OnWar)

November 5 – Japan and Burma sign a peace treaty in Rangoon, to end their long-extinct state of war.  (Wikipedia)

December 2 (Taiwan) - The Taiwan-United States Mutual Defense Treaty is signed  (Wikipedia)

December 24 – Laos gains full independence from France.  (Wikipedia)


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4 Week Marine Security Guard course, training 40-50 MSG's/month

1953 KOREAN WAR (Wikipedia)
April 29 - May 9  Battle of the Hook
23 March - 16 July  Battle of Pork Chop Hill 
June 10 - 18   Outpost Harry
13 - 27 July   Battle of Kumsong 
July 27  – Korean War ends: United Nations Command (Korea) (United States), People's Republic of China, North Korea sign an armistice agreement at Panmunjom and the north remains communist while the south remains capitalist.
-August 5 – Operation Big Switch: Prisoners of war are repatriated after the Korean War.

VIETNAM WAR (Wikipedia)
November 29 – French paratroopers take Dien Bien Phu.

January 20 – Dwight D. Eisenhower succeeds Harry S. Truman as the 34th President of the United States.

January 24 (Kenya) -
Mau Mau Uprising: Rebels in Kenya kill the Ruck family (father, mother and six-year-old son).

January 31–February 1 (Netherlands) (United Kingdon)– The North Sea flood of 1953 kills 1,836 people in the southwestern Netherlands, 307 in the United Kingdom and several hundred at sea, including 133 on the ferry MV Princess Victoria in the Irish Sea.

February 11 (USSR) (Israel)-
The Soviet Union breaks diplomatic relations with Israel after a bomb explosion at the Soviet embassy in reaction to the 'Doctors' plot'.

March 1 - (USSR) Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke after an all-night dinner . The stroke paralyzes the right side of his body and renders him unconscious until his death on March 5.
-March 6 – Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov succeeds Joseph Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
-March 14 – Nikita Khrushchev is selected First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.

March 18 – (Turkey)- An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 250.

March 25–26  (Kenya) Lari Massacre in Kenya: Mau Mau rebels kill up to 150 Kikuyu natives.

May 2 (Jordan)-  Hussein is crowned King of Jordan.

June 1 (Czechoslavakia) – Uprising in Plzeň: Currency reform causes riots in Czechoslovakia.

June 2 (England) – Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey.

June 16 - 17 (Germany) The East Berlin Uprising, (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)


July 27 - Washington -  Iwo Jima  War Memorial dedicated at Arlington Cemetary

June 13 (Hungary) – Hungarian Prime Minister Mátyás Rákosi is replaced by Imre Nagy

June 17 (East Gernany) – Workers Uprising in East Germany: The Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion. (Wikipedia)
 Uprising (OnWar)

July 4 (Poland) – Strikes and riots hit coal mining regions in Poland.

July 26 (Cuba) - Fidel Castro and his brother lead a disastrous assault on the Moncada Barracks, preliminary to the Cuban Revolution.

August 12 (Greece) – A magnitude 7.2 earthquake totally devastates most of the Ionian Sea islands in Greece's worst natural disaster in centuries.

August 13 (France) – Four million workers go on strike in France to protest against austerity measures.

August 19  (Iran) – Cold War: The CIA helps to overthrow the government of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran, and retain Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi on the throne (see Operation Ajax).

August 20 (Morocco) The French government ousts King Mohammed V of Morocco and exiles him to Corsica.

September 25 (Southeast Asia) - A hurricane in South-East Asia kills over 1,000 people.

November 9 (Laos)  – The Laotian Civil War begins between the Kingdom of Laos and the Pathet Lao.

November 9 (Cambodia) - In Cambodia the Khmer Issarak begins to fight the French Army and the nation joins the First Indochina War but the Kingdom is established.

November 30  (Uganda) – Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda, is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Benjamin Cohen, Governor of Uganda.

December 7 (Iran) – A visit to Iran by American Vice President Richard Nixon sparks several days of riots. Three students are shot dead by police in Tehran. This event would become an annual commemoration.

1953 - (Cuba): Castro attempts overthrow of Batista (OnWar)

October 9 (Guyana): British overthrow Government  (OnWar)

1953 (Columbia): Military Coup  (OnWar)

December - February 1954 (Syria): Druze Attempt overthrow of Government (OnWar)

1953 (Iran): US / Britan fail in Coup attemp Shah Flees - - Military Coup succeeds Shah returns  (OnWar)

Algeria: Civil War (OnWar)
Guatemala: US Sponsored Revolution  (OnWar)


Paraguay: Coup

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CO: WO E.P. Clarke CO: Maj. Frank P. Tatum CO: Col John K. Hogan
Eastern Region: Capt Powell

57 Added to cover Attaches with offices located in buildings separate from the chancery buildings proper.



6 RMO and 676 MSG's

1952 KOREAN WAR   (Wikipedia)
March 21 - 21 June)  Battle of Hill Eerie 
June 26 - August 4-  Battle of Old Baldy 
October 6 - 15 -  Battle of White Horse
October 14 - November 25  Battle of Triangle Hill 
==================

January 1: (Cuba) : Coup (OnWar)

January 28 - USMC  commandant given equal status on Joint Chiefs of Staff

February 6 (England)-  George VI (King of the United Kingdom and his dominions, of Canada, of South Africa, of Australia, of New Zealand and of Ceylon) dies aged 56 . He is succeeded by his daughter The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (now Elizabeth II), who is on a visit to Kenya.
-February 15 – The funeral of George VI takes place at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

February 14 – February 25 (Norway)– The Winter Olympics held in Oslo, Norway.

February 21 (Pakistan) (Bangladesh)– In Dhaka, East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) police open fire on a procession of students, killing 4 people and starting a country-wide protest which leads to the recognition of Bengali as one of the national languages of Pakistan.

March 10 – General Fulgencio Batista re-takes power in Cuba.

March 27 (Germany) – Konrad Adenauer survives an assassination attempt. (West Germany)

April 9 (Bolivia) – Hugo Ballivián's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, which starts a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalization of tin mines.
 MNR Revolution (OnWar)

April 11 (China) – Battle of Nanri Island: The Republic of China seizes the island from the Peoples' Republic of China.

April 26  - The United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Wasp collides with the destroyer USS Hobson while on sea exercises in the Atlantic Ocean, killing 175 men.

April 28  (Japan)– The Treaty of San Francisco goes into effect, formally ending the war between Japan and the Allies, and simultaneously ending the occupation of the four main Japanese islands.

May 13 (India) – Pandit Nehru forms his first government in India.

July 19 – August 3 (Finland) – The 1952 Summer Olympics are held in Helsinki, Finland.

July 23 - (Egypt) General Mohammed Naguib leads The Free Officers (formed by Gamal Abdel Nasser – the real power behind the coup) in the overthrow of King Farouk of Egypt. (Wikipedia)
- Police Mutany - Riots (OnWar)
- Free Officers Coup (OnWar)

Cairo Fire - (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)


July 26- (Argentina) Eva Peron the so-called "Spiritual Leader" of Argentina dies at 33 years of age at exactly 8:25 in the evening.

August 5 – (Taiwan) The Treaty of Taipei between Japan and the Republic of China goes into effect, to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War.

August 11 – (Jordan) The Jordanian army forces King Talal to resign due to mental illness; he is succeeded by his son Hussein of Jordan.

August 16 (England) – Lynmouth, North Devon, England is devastated by floods; 34 die.

October 8 (England)  - A three-train crash at Harrow railway station in England kills 112 people.

October 17 (Indonesia)  – Indonesian troops led by General Nasution surround the presidential palace, seeking the dismissal of the People's Representative Council; Sukarno avoids confrontation.

October 20 (Kenya) – Martial law is declared in Kenya due to the Mau Mau uprising.

November 4 -United States presidential election, 1952: Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower defeats Democrat Adlai Stevenson (correctly predicted by the UNIVAC computer).
-November 29Korean War: U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfills a political campaign promise, by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.

December 1- Adolfo Ruiz Cortines takes office as President of Mexico.
Tunisa: Civil War

December 4Great Smog of 1952: A "killer fog" descends on London

1952-1960 -  Kenya - During the Mau Mau Uprising, the poisonous latex of the African milk bush was used kill cattle in an incident of Biological warfare  (OnWar)
Mau Mau War  (OnWar)


September - (Lebanon ) Rosewater Revolution  (OnWar)


November - (Thailand)  gov stops Chinese coup plot (OnWar)


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Regional Marine Officers authorized to serve at DOS Regional Security Offices: Paris, Cairo, and Manila.

RMO Assigned to Rio de Janeiro

125 MSG's added a
.
 


1951 KOREAN WAR (Wikipedia)
January 18 – Korean War: Third Battle of Seoul: Chinese and North Korean forces capture Seoul for the second time.
Apiril 11 - U.S. President Harry S Truman relieves General Douglas MacArthur of his Far Eastern commands..
June 20 - 1st Marine Division vs North Korea - "the Punchbowl" (kmike.com)
 March 14 - Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul during Operation Ripper. (Wikipedia)
August 18 - September r  Battle of Bloody Ridge
September 13 - 15  Battle of Heartbreak Ridge 

=================

January 20 (Switzerland, Austria, Italy) – Avalanches in the Alps kill 240 and bury 45,000 for a time in Switzerland, Austria and Italy.. (Wikipedia)

May 15 (Bolivia)– A military coup occurs in Bolivia. (Wikipedia)

May  (Panama): Coup in Panama (OnWar)

July 16 (Belgium) – King Léopold III of Belgium abdicates in favour of his son Baudouin.. (Wikipedia)

July 20 (Jordan, Israel))– King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.. (Wikipedia)

September 9 (Tibet, China) – Chinese communist forces move into Lhasa, the capital of Tibet.. (Wikipedia)

October 6 (Malaysia)– Malayan Emergency: Communist insurgents kill British commander Sir Henry Gurney.. (Wikipedia)

November 29  (Thailand)-Thailand: Coup (OnWar).
Unsuccessful military coup (Navy) in Thailand.
Successful military coup (Army) in Thailand.

December 6 (Egypt)– A state of emergency is declared in Egypt due to increasing riots.. (Wikipedia)

December 6 (Pakistan) "Rawalpindi conspiracy" unsuccessful military coup attempt in Pakistan by Ayub Khan.

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MSG Battalion Commanding Officer: Capt. Lois J. Sartor
MSG Strength increased to 675


Married Non-commissioned Officer-in-Charge approved

 

1950 KOREAN WAR
June 25 – North Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into South Korea.  June 27 – Korean War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman orders American military forces to aid in the defense of South Korea.  June 28 - Korean War: North Korean forces capture Seoul but do not win the war...
-  Seoul National University Hospital Massacre.
- Bloody Gulch massacre.
- Hill 303 massacre, 39 U.S. soldiers are executed after being captured in battle by North Korea.
- Battle of Inchon: Allied troops commanded by Douglas MacArthur land in Inchon, occupied by North Korea, to begin a U.N. counteroffensive.
- Goyang Geumjeong Cave Massacre
- October 19 - The People's Republic of China enters the conflict by sending thousands of soldiers across the Yalu River
- November 8 - While in an F-80, United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown intercepts 2 North Korean MiG-15s near the Yalu River and shoots them down in the first jet-to-jet dogfight in history. (Wikipedia)
Dec 1 - Marine 1st Divsion breakout, escaping Chinese trap
November 23 -   Marines engaged Chinese Communists in North Korea near the Chosin Reservoir.
December 1 - After repulsing eight Chinese divisions, Marines began an epic "breakout" on
=====================

VIETNAM WAR (Wikipedia)

February 11 - (Vietnam) Two Viet Minh battalions attack a French base in French Indochina. (Wikipedia)

=====================
January 23 – (Israel) The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. (Wikipedia)

January 26 – (India) India promulgates its constitution, forming a republic, and Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first president. (Wikipedia)

The last Kuomintang troops surrender in mainland China. (Wikipedia)

February 1 – (Taiwan)  Chiang Kai-shek is re-elected as a president of the Republic of China. (Wikipedia)



February 12 - Pro-communist riots erupt in Paris. (Wikipedia)

March 18 – The Belgian government collapses after the March 12 referendum favouring of the return from exile of King Léopold III (Wikipedia)

April 15 (Bregium) – Belgian King Leopold III announces that he is ready to abdicate in favor of his son Baudouin. (Wikipedia)

April 27 (South Africa) - Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act is passed, formally segregating the races  (Wikipedia)



August 15 (Tibet, India)– 1950 Assam – Tibet earthquake: An earthquake in the Assam state of India kills 780 people and causes the Subansiri River to be dammed. Eight days later, the dam bursts, drowning another 536 people. The twin disasters leave 5,000,000 homeless (Wikipedia)

August 6 (Belgium)_ – Monarchist demonstrations lead to a riot in Brussels. (Wikipedia)

September 12 (Germany) – Communist riots erupt in Berlin. (Wikipedia)

October 7 (Tibet, China) - The 1950-1951 invasion of Tibet by People's Republic of China begins.(Wikipedia)

October 29 (Sweden) – Upon the death of Gustaf V, he is succeeded as King of Sweden by his 68-year-old son Gustaf VI Adolf. (Wikipedia)

November 10 (Canada)– A U.S. Air Force B-50 Superfortress bomber, experiencing an in-flight emergency, jettisons and detonates a Mark 4 nuclear bomb over Quebec, Canada (the device lacked its plutonium core). (Wikipedia)

November 13 (Venezuela) - Colonel Carlos Delgado Chalbaud (President) is kidnapped and murdered in Caracas (Wikipedia)

November 22 (Egypt)- Anti-British riots erupt in Egypt. (Wikipedia)

November 26 (China) - Troops from the People's Republic of China launched a massive counterattack against South Korean and United Nations forces at the Ch'ongch'on River and the Chosin Reservoir, dashing any hopes for a quick end to the conflict (Wikipedia)

November 30 (South Korea) - Douglas MacArthur threatens to use nuclear weapons in Korea. (Wikipedia)

1950 (Vietnam) - President Harry Truman sends United States military advisers to Vietnam to aid French forces.(Wikipedia)

1950 (Laos) - Laos gets involved in the First Indochina War to overthrow the French Army. (Wikipedia)

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40 additional Marines Requested to carry out guard duties at 8 European Military Defense Assistance missions
Department of State adds 40 DAP Guards Followed by 24 Marines

Outbreak of hostilities in Korea
Period of rapid expansion which so enlarged the scope MSG Program

The Department of Defense / USMC accepts responsibility from DOS for the guarding of Foreign Service posts abroad

MSG Strength increased to 650 enlisted




1949 January1 (India) (Pakistan)– UN sponsored ceasefire brings an end to the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947. The war results in a stalemate and the division of Kashmir, which is still continuing as of 2013. (Wikipedia)

January 20 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman is inaugurated for his full term  (Wikipedia)

January 25 (Israel) - In the first Israeli election, David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.  (Wikipedia)

January 31 (China) – Forces from the Communist Party of China enter Beijing.  (Wikipedia)

February 1 (England)– Rationing of clothes ends in Britain.  (Wikipedia)

April 18 – (Ireland0 Ireland leaves the British Commonwealth and becomes the Republic of Ireland.  (Wikipedia)

April 20 – (China)(England)  The Royal Navy frigate HMS Amethyst goes up the Yangtze River to evacuate British Commonwealth refugees escaping the advance of Mao's Communist forces. Under heavy fire, she grounds off Rose Island. After an abortive rescue attempt on April 26, she anchors 10 miles upstream. Negotiations with the Communists to let the ship leave drag on for weeks.  (Wikipedia)

May 9 (Monaco) – Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco, upon the death of his maternal grandfather Louis II.  (Wikipedia)

May 12 (USSR) (Germanuy– Cold War: The Soviet Union lifts the Berlin Blockade.  (Wikipedia)

June 2 (Jordon) – Transjordan becomes the Kingdom of Jordan.  (Wikipedia)

July 20  (Israel) (Syria)– Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their 19-month war

July 31 (China (England)- Captain Kerans of the HMS Amethyst decides to make a break after nightfall, under heavy fire from the Chinese People's Liberation Army on both sides of the Yangtze River, and successfully rejoins the fleet at Woosung the next day.  (Wikipedia)

August 8 (Bhutan) – Bhutan becomes independent  (Wikipedia)

September 7 (Germany) – The Federal Republic of Germany is officially founded. Konrad Adenauer is the first federal chancellor.  (Wikipedia)

October 1 (Taiwan) – The People's Republic of China is officially proclaimed.  (Wikipedia)

October 16 (Greece) – Civil war ends in Greece with a communist surrender.  (Wikipedia)

November 18 - Marine Corps orders all male Marines, regardless of race, be assigned to vacancies in any unit.

November 27 (Indonesia) – Indonesia is recognized. December 16Sukarno is elected president of the Republic of Indonesia.  (Wikipedia)

December 15 (Korea)– A typhoon strikes a fishing fleet off Korea, killing several thousand.  (Wikipedia)

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MSG Battalion Commanding Officer:  Capt. Gene M. Hoover
83 Marines were assigned to the Foreign Service Institute for training,

First Fifteen Marines departed Washington on their assignments
Bangkok/6
Tangier/9

HQMC designates Casual Company to administrate Unit

A letter of Instruction outlining use of MSG within Foreign Service .

303 Marines on Post around World

Commandant of the Marine Corps :
declaration stating MSG's serve under DOS Security Officer

Novembr 18
 Marine Corps orders all male Marines, regardless of race, be assigned to vacancies in any unit.

1948 January 4 (Burma) – Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom. On 4 January 1948, the nation became an independent republic, named the Union of Burma, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President and U Nu its first Prime Minister.  (Wikipedia)

January 12 (India) – Mahatma Gandhi begins his fast-unto-death in Delhi, to stop the communal violence during the Partition of India. (Wikipedia)

January 17  (Indonisia, Netherlands)– A truce is declared between nationalist Indonesian and Dutch troops in Java (Wikipedia)

January 30  (India) - Indian pacifist and leader Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse.  (Wikipedia)

January 30 (Switzerland) - 1948 Winter Olympics open in St. Moritz, Switzerland.  (Wikipedia)

January 31 (Malaysia) – The British crown colony of the Malayan Union, Penang and Malacca form the Federation of Malaya (Wikipedia)

February 18 (Ireland) – Éamon de Valera, Irish head of government since 1932, loses power to an opposition coalition. John A. Costello is appointed Taoiseach by President Seán O'Kelly.  (Wikipedia)

February 25 (Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic, Slovakia)) – The Communist Party seizes control of Czechoslovakia,  (Wikipedia)

February 28 (Ghana)  – Riots take place in Accra, capital of the British colony of Gold Coast, when a peaceful protest march by ex-servicemen was broken up by police, leaving several members of the group dead, among them Sergeant Adjetey, one of the leaders.  (Wikipedia)

April 3 (Korea) - Jeju Uprising, Jeju residents revolt on Jeju island, South Korea, eventually leading to the deaths of between 14,000 and 30,000.
 (Wikipedia)

April 24 (Costa Rica) – The Costa Rican Civil War ends.  (Wikipedia)

May 11 (Italy) – Luigi Einaudi becomes President of the Italian Republic.
 (Wikipedia)

May 14 (Israel) -  The Declaration of Independence of Israel is made.  (Wikipedia)

May 15 (Israel, Jordan, Egy;pt,Iraq) - 1948 Arab-Israeli War: The British Mandate of Palestine is officially terminated; expeditionary forces from Egypt, Transjordan, Syria and Iraq invade Israel and clash with Israeli forces.  (Wikipedia)

David Ben Gurion declares Israel statehood   (Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training)

June 18 (Malaysia) – Malayan Emergency: A state of emergency is declared in the Malayan Union due to a communist insurgency.
 (Wikipedia)

June 24 (Germany)- Cold War: The Berlin Blockade begins.  (Wikipedia)

July 15 - The attempted assassination of Palmiro Togliatti, general secretary of the Italian Communist Party, incites numerous strikes all over the country.  (Wikipedia)

July 24 (Finland)  –  A great oil fire breaks out in the harbor of Naantali, Finland.  (Wikipedia)

July 29  (England) - The 1948 Summer Olympics begin in London, the first since the 1936 Summer Olympics (Wikipedia)

August 15 (Korea)  – The Republic of Korea is established.(Wikipedia)

September 4 (Netherlands) – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons  September 6Juliana becomes Queen of the Netherlands.(Wikipedia)

September 9 (Korea)– The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is formally declared, with Kim Il-sung as prime minister.(Wikipedia)

September 11 ( Pakistan)– Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Founder and first Governor General of Pakistan, dies. Pakistan is in a state of shock as it mourns the departure of the father of the nation(Wikipedia)

October 6 – (Turkmenistan) The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 110,000.(Wikipedia)

October 28 (Israel)  – The massacre of Dawaymeh begins.(Wikipedia)

November 10  First eight enlisted women are sworn in as Regular Marines. The following summer, first black women Marines enlist

November 12 (Japan) – In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles in World War II.(Wikipedia)

November 24 (Venezuela) – In Venezuela, president Rómulo Gallegos is ousted by a military junta.(Wikipedia)

December 11–12 (Malaysia) – Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre: Scots Guards shoot 24 Chinese villagers in Malaya(Wikipedia)

December 28 (Egypt) – A Muslim Brotherhood member assassinates Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi(Wikipedia)

December 31 (Israel)(Egypt)– 1948 Arab-Israeli War: Israeli troops drive the Egyptians from Negev (Wikipedia)

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May
USMC Agrees to participate, stipulating that Marines report under Navy Attaché Command at each post. (May) 300 Marines was authorized by Acting Secretary of the Navy John N. Brown

November 5
President Truman approved a plan for Marines detachments in civilian clothes assigned to posts when the Secretary of State should determine that circumstances warranted. 

July 18
“1948 Memorandum of Agreement”
DOS to SecNAV: Memorandum of Agreement subject of Marine Guards. -SecNAV Sullivan signed the Agreement on December 15, 1948, -Under Secretary Robert A. Lovett signed for DOS 18 Jul - Twelve Marines at consulate in Jerusalem begin modern Marine Security Guard program.


 

 


1947

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September 8 - Legal Issues prevent War Department from assisting DOS with request for Security Guards, Dept. of Navy tagged (8 Sept)

1946

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Foreign Service Act of 1946 Sec. 562.
The Secretary of the Navy authorized at request of Secretary of State, to assign enlisted men of the Navy and Marine Corps to serve as custodians under supervision of the principal officer at an embassy, legation or consulate